Effect of amphotericin B and voriconazole on the outgrowth of conidia of Aspergillus fumigatus followed by time-lapse microscopy

Laszlo Talas, Zsuzsa M. Szigeti, Gaspar Banfalvi, Gabor Szeman-Nagy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Studies of morphological measurements from the outgrowth of cells to a network of hyphae have been extended from Candida albicans (Nagy et al. in Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 98(11):5185–5194. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-014-5696-5, 2014) to invasive conidiospores of Aspergillus fumigatus upon treatment with antifungal agents. The understanding of mycelial processes is important to optimize industrial processes such as fermentation and contributes to the fight against pathogenic fungi. This brief study combines TLS with digital image analysis. The TLS system was adapted to get information related to the adherence and growth dynamics of filamentous fungi. This approach was used earlier to distinguish among subphases of bacterial and fungal infections of mammal cells by detecting Mycoplasma infection in cell cultures causing serious damages in cell cultures. We describe changes in adherence, germination of spores, and hyphal growth of A. fumigatus, taking place in the absence and presence of amphotericin B (AMB) and voriconazole (VRC). These growth parameters were measured by TLS in CO2 incubator under physiological Photomicrography by TLS and extended for a longer period of time up to several weeks combined with image analysis represents a comfortable and reliable means to characterize the growth dynamism of A. fumigatus. The most important observation of medical importance related to the pathomechanism of VRC was that it did not adhere to conidiospores, i.e. that it did not contribute to the attachment of spores to the growth surface, and did not prevent germination but delayed hypha protrusion and elongation. In contrast AMB adhered to conidia, inhibited germination, hypha elongation and branching. It was concluded that AMB was efficient against the therapy of growth but not against the prevention of fungal infection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number43
JournalAMB Express
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2019

Keywords

  • Amphotericin B
  • Aspergillus fumigatus
  • Attachment of conidia
  • Brown’s movement
  • Image processing
  • Spatio-temporal analysis
  • Voriconazole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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