Effect of amino acids and cycloheximide on changes caused by vinblastine, leupeptin and methylamine in the autophagic/lysosomal system of mouse hepatocytes in vivo

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Abstract

The number of autophagic vacuoles in hepatocytes of 24 h fasted mice in vivo increased manyfold following the administration of vinblastine, leupeptin and methylamine. The effect of each chemical is characterized by the predominance of a certain kind of vacuole. Vinblastine treatment is accompanied by a large proportion of vacuoles containing morphologically unaltered organelles, leupeptin causes preferential accumulation of dense and complex vacuoles, methylamine administration produces mostly large, electron-lucent, swollen vacuoles. The amounts of segregated and accumulated cytoplasmic material, expressed as percentage cytoplasm per hour, were 0.84%, 2.08% and 0.74% following vinblastine, leupeptin and methylamine treatment respectively. The actual rate of segregation was probably higher than this. Inhibition of degradation of the sequestered cytoplasmic material is proposed to be a main factor in the increase in the size of the autophagic/lysosomal compartment. Treatment with cycloheximide or exogenously added mixture of amino acids cut down the size of the autophagic/lysosomal system in control cells and strongly inhibited the accumulation caused by vinblastine, leupeptin and methylamine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-94
Number of pages12
JournalExperimental Cell Research
Volume157
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1985

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Vinblastine
Cycloheximide
Vacuoles
Hepatocytes
Amino Acids
Organelles
Cytoplasm
methylamine
leupeptin
Electrons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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title = "Effect of amino acids and cycloheximide on changes caused by vinblastine, leupeptin and methylamine in the autophagic/lysosomal system of mouse hepatocytes in vivo",
abstract = "The number of autophagic vacuoles in hepatocytes of 24 h fasted mice in vivo increased manyfold following the administration of vinblastine, leupeptin and methylamine. The effect of each chemical is characterized by the predominance of a certain kind of vacuole. Vinblastine treatment is accompanied by a large proportion of vacuoles containing morphologically unaltered organelles, leupeptin causes preferential accumulation of dense and complex vacuoles, methylamine administration produces mostly large, electron-lucent, swollen vacuoles. The amounts of segregated and accumulated cytoplasmic material, expressed as percentage cytoplasm per hour, were 0.84{\%}, 2.08{\%} and 0.74{\%} following vinblastine, leupeptin and methylamine treatment respectively. The actual rate of segregation was probably higher than this. Inhibition of degradation of the sequestered cytoplasmic material is proposed to be a main factor in the increase in the size of the autophagic/lysosomal compartment. Treatment with cycloheximide or exogenously added mixture of amino acids cut down the size of the autophagic/lysosomal system in control cells and strongly inhibited the accumulation caused by vinblastine, leupeptin and methylamine.",
author = "A. Kov{\'a}cs and L. L{\'a}szl{\'o} and J. Kov{\'a}cs",
year = "1985",
doi = "10.1016/0014-4827(85)90154-5",
language = "English",
volume = "157",
pages = "83--94",
journal = "Experimental Cell Research",
issn = "0014-4827",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of amino acids and cycloheximide on changes caused by vinblastine, leupeptin and methylamine in the autophagic/lysosomal system of mouse hepatocytes in vivo

AU - Kovács, A.

AU - László, L.

AU - Kovács, J.

PY - 1985

Y1 - 1985

N2 - The number of autophagic vacuoles in hepatocytes of 24 h fasted mice in vivo increased manyfold following the administration of vinblastine, leupeptin and methylamine. The effect of each chemical is characterized by the predominance of a certain kind of vacuole. Vinblastine treatment is accompanied by a large proportion of vacuoles containing morphologically unaltered organelles, leupeptin causes preferential accumulation of dense and complex vacuoles, methylamine administration produces mostly large, electron-lucent, swollen vacuoles. The amounts of segregated and accumulated cytoplasmic material, expressed as percentage cytoplasm per hour, were 0.84%, 2.08% and 0.74% following vinblastine, leupeptin and methylamine treatment respectively. The actual rate of segregation was probably higher than this. Inhibition of degradation of the sequestered cytoplasmic material is proposed to be a main factor in the increase in the size of the autophagic/lysosomal compartment. Treatment with cycloheximide or exogenously added mixture of amino acids cut down the size of the autophagic/lysosomal system in control cells and strongly inhibited the accumulation caused by vinblastine, leupeptin and methylamine.

AB - The number of autophagic vacuoles in hepatocytes of 24 h fasted mice in vivo increased manyfold following the administration of vinblastine, leupeptin and methylamine. The effect of each chemical is characterized by the predominance of a certain kind of vacuole. Vinblastine treatment is accompanied by a large proportion of vacuoles containing morphologically unaltered organelles, leupeptin causes preferential accumulation of dense and complex vacuoles, methylamine administration produces mostly large, electron-lucent, swollen vacuoles. The amounts of segregated and accumulated cytoplasmic material, expressed as percentage cytoplasm per hour, were 0.84%, 2.08% and 0.74% following vinblastine, leupeptin and methylamine treatment respectively. The actual rate of segregation was probably higher than this. Inhibition of degradation of the sequestered cytoplasmic material is proposed to be a main factor in the increase in the size of the autophagic/lysosomal compartment. Treatment with cycloheximide or exogenously added mixture of amino acids cut down the size of the autophagic/lysosomal system in control cells and strongly inhibited the accumulation caused by vinblastine, leupeptin and methylamine.

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