Effect of aliskiren and valsartan combination versus aliskiren monotherapy on hemostatic biomarkers in hypertensive diabetics: Aliskiren and valsartan impact in diabetics pilot trial

Victor L. Serebruany, Alex N. Pokov, Daniel Aradi, Mehmet Can, James DiNicolantonio, Nodar Kipshidze, Dan Atar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Valsartan is known to inhibit platelet activity in both in vitro and ex vivo clinical setting, whereas aliskiren in vitro modulates antithrombin-III in plasma. The authors tested how aliskiren and valsartan combination versus aliskiren monotherapy will affect hemostatic biomarkers in mild-to-moderate hypertensive diabetics in the frame of the Aliskiren and Valsartan Impact in Diabetics (AVID) trial. A total of 52 patients with type 2 diabetes and mild-to-moderate hypertension were equally randomized to aliskiren (150-300 mg/d) and valsartan (160 mg/d) versus aliskiren (150-300 mg/d) alone for 4 weeks. A total of 25 biomarkers were serially measured, of which 16 are related to platelet function, 6 to coagulation, and 3 to fibrinolysis. Aliskiren monotherapy has no significant impact on any of the assessed biomarkers. In contrast, valsartan on top of aliskiren provided significant inhibition of ADP-induced platelet aggregation (P = 0.032), decreased shear-induced activation measured with PFA-100 analyzer (P = 0.041), and diminished expression of GP IIb/IIIa activity (P = 0.027) measured by PAC-1 antibody, GP Ib (CD42b, P = 0.033), vitronectin receptor (CD51/61, P = 0.046), P-selectin (CD62p, P = 0.026), lyso-some-associated membrane protein (CD107a, P = 0.042), and CD40-ligand (CD154, P = 0.048). In AVID trial, valsartan in combination with aliskiren mildly but significantly inhibited platelets, confirming previous observations. In contrast, aliskiren monotherapy does not enhance antithrombin activity, suggesting that previous data probably represent a laboratory artifact. Importantly, these randomized data were generated on top of low-dose daily aspirin, supporting extra benefit for combination use of angiotensin receptor blockers and renin inhibitors in high-risk diabetic population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)482-490
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican journal of therapeutics
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 4 2014

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Keywords

  • Aliskiren
  • Clinical trial
  • Diabetes
  • Hemostasis
  • Valsartan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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