Effect of after-meal sucrose-free gum-chewing on clinical caries

J. Szöke, J. Bánóczy, H. M. Proskin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous in situ and in vitro studies have demonstrated that the chewing of sucrose-free gum after eating reduces the development of dental caries. To investigate the extrapolation of these findings to the clinical setting, we conducted a two-year study on 547 schoolchildren in Budapest, Hungary. Subjects in the "Gum" group were instructed to chew one stick of a commercially available sorbitol-sweetened chewing gum for 20 minutes after meals, three times daily. The "Control" group was not provided with chewing gum. After two years, the "Gum" group exhibited a 38.7% reduction in incremental caries, excluding white spots, compared with the "Control" group. Including white spots, a corresponding 33.1% reduction was indicated. These results clearly suggest that even in a moderate caries population practicing normal oral hygiene, including the use of fluoride dentifrices, an after-meal gum-chewing regimen can significantly reduce the rate of caries development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1725-1729
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Dental Research
Volume80
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Fingerprint

Chewing Gum
Dental Caries
Gingiva
Meals
Sucrose
Dentifrices
Control Groups
Sorbitol
Hungary
Oral Hygiene
Mastication
Fluorides
Eating
Population

Keywords

  • Caries
  • Chewing gum
  • Clinical trial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Effect of after-meal sucrose-free gum-chewing on clinical caries. / Szöke, J.; Bánóczy, J.; Proskin, H. M.

In: Journal of Dental Research, Vol. 80, No. 8, 2001, p. 1725-1729.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Szöke, J. ; Bánóczy, J. ; Proskin, H. M. / Effect of after-meal sucrose-free gum-chewing on clinical caries. In: Journal of Dental Research. 2001 ; Vol. 80, No. 8. pp. 1725-1729.
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