Effect of acute coronary occlusion on the size of the dynamically perfused coronary capillary bed in the dog

I. Horváth, Attila Cziraki, James B. Parkerson, Sami U. Khan, John D. Catravas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of reduced left anterior descending (LAD) coronary arterial blood flow on the size of the perfused coronary capillary surface area (CCSA) in dogs. The transcoronary hydrolysis (v) of the specific ACE substrate, [3H]benzoyl- Phe-Ala-Pro, was estimated and the parameter A(max)/K(m) (proportional to the size of the perfused CCSA) was calculated. By means of a ligature placed around the LAD, LAD blood flow was transiently reduced to 36.0 ± 4.1 (E1) and 17.4 ± 4.3% (E2) of control; in a separate maneuver the first diagonal branch of the LAD was ligated to achieve 40.0 ± 6.7% (E3) of control flow. The v values remained unchanged at around 0.7 for E1, E2 and E3 determinations, suggesting unaltered substrate transit time through the coronary capillary bed. A(max)/K(m) values decreased to 36 ± 5, 17 ± 4, and 47 ± 10% of control for E1, E2, and E3 determinations, respectively, reflecting a flow-proportional decrease in CCSA. Values of the transpulmonary measures of v and A(max)/K(m) performed at the beginning and end of the protocol were unchanged. These results support the hypothesis that reduction in coronary blood flow will produce proportional decreases in the size of the CCSA. This new procedure can thus serve as a useful tool for investigating alterations in the size of the CCSA in different species and under various pathophysiologic challenges.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-103
Number of pages9
JournalMicrovascular Research
Volume56
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1998

Fingerprint

Coronary Occlusion
Dogs
Blood
Substrates
Flow control
Hydrolysis
Ligation

Keywords

  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme
  • Capillary surface
  • Coronary circulation
  • Dog

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Effect of acute coronary occlusion on the size of the dynamically perfused coronary capillary bed in the dog. / Horváth, I.; Cziraki, Attila; Parkerson, James B.; Khan, Sami U.; Catravas, John D.

In: Microvascular Research, Vol. 56, No. 2, 09.1998, p. 95-103.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Horváth, I. ; Cziraki, Attila ; Parkerson, James B. ; Khan, Sami U. ; Catravas, John D. / Effect of acute coronary occlusion on the size of the dynamically perfused coronary capillary bed in the dog. In: Microvascular Research. 1998 ; Vol. 56, No. 2. pp. 95-103.
@article{84c03f11fd4e4241a42383010e889a71,
title = "Effect of acute coronary occlusion on the size of the dynamically perfused coronary capillary bed in the dog",
abstract = "The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of reduced left anterior descending (LAD) coronary arterial blood flow on the size of the perfused coronary capillary surface area (CCSA) in dogs. The transcoronary hydrolysis (v) of the specific ACE substrate, [3H]benzoyl- Phe-Ala-Pro, was estimated and the parameter A(max)/K(m) (proportional to the size of the perfused CCSA) was calculated. By means of a ligature placed around the LAD, LAD blood flow was transiently reduced to 36.0 ± 4.1 (E1) and 17.4 ± 4.3{\%} (E2) of control; in a separate maneuver the first diagonal branch of the LAD was ligated to achieve 40.0 ± 6.7{\%} (E3) of control flow. The v values remained unchanged at around 0.7 for E1, E2 and E3 determinations, suggesting unaltered substrate transit time through the coronary capillary bed. A(max)/K(m) values decreased to 36 ± 5, 17 ± 4, and 47 ± 10{\%} of control for E1, E2, and E3 determinations, respectively, reflecting a flow-proportional decrease in CCSA. Values of the transpulmonary measures of v and A(max)/K(m) performed at the beginning and end of the protocol were unchanged. These results support the hypothesis that reduction in coronary blood flow will produce proportional decreases in the size of the CCSA. This new procedure can thus serve as a useful tool for investigating alterations in the size of the CCSA in different species and under various pathophysiologic challenges.",
keywords = "Angiotensin-converting enzyme, Capillary surface, Coronary circulation, Dog",
author = "I. Horv{\'a}th and Attila Cziraki and Parkerson, {James B.} and Khan, {Sami U.} and Catravas, {John D.}",
year = "1998",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1006/mvre.1998.2092",
language = "English",
volume = "56",
pages = "95--103",
journal = "Microvascular Research",
issn = "0026-2862",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of acute coronary occlusion on the size of the dynamically perfused coronary capillary bed in the dog

AU - Horváth, I.

AU - Cziraki, Attila

AU - Parkerson, James B.

AU - Khan, Sami U.

AU - Catravas, John D.

PY - 1998/9

Y1 - 1998/9

N2 - The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of reduced left anterior descending (LAD) coronary arterial blood flow on the size of the perfused coronary capillary surface area (CCSA) in dogs. The transcoronary hydrolysis (v) of the specific ACE substrate, [3H]benzoyl- Phe-Ala-Pro, was estimated and the parameter A(max)/K(m) (proportional to the size of the perfused CCSA) was calculated. By means of a ligature placed around the LAD, LAD blood flow was transiently reduced to 36.0 ± 4.1 (E1) and 17.4 ± 4.3% (E2) of control; in a separate maneuver the first diagonal branch of the LAD was ligated to achieve 40.0 ± 6.7% (E3) of control flow. The v values remained unchanged at around 0.7 for E1, E2 and E3 determinations, suggesting unaltered substrate transit time through the coronary capillary bed. A(max)/K(m) values decreased to 36 ± 5, 17 ± 4, and 47 ± 10% of control for E1, E2, and E3 determinations, respectively, reflecting a flow-proportional decrease in CCSA. Values of the transpulmonary measures of v and A(max)/K(m) performed at the beginning and end of the protocol were unchanged. These results support the hypothesis that reduction in coronary blood flow will produce proportional decreases in the size of the CCSA. This new procedure can thus serve as a useful tool for investigating alterations in the size of the CCSA in different species and under various pathophysiologic challenges.

AB - The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of reduced left anterior descending (LAD) coronary arterial blood flow on the size of the perfused coronary capillary surface area (CCSA) in dogs. The transcoronary hydrolysis (v) of the specific ACE substrate, [3H]benzoyl- Phe-Ala-Pro, was estimated and the parameter A(max)/K(m) (proportional to the size of the perfused CCSA) was calculated. By means of a ligature placed around the LAD, LAD blood flow was transiently reduced to 36.0 ± 4.1 (E1) and 17.4 ± 4.3% (E2) of control; in a separate maneuver the first diagonal branch of the LAD was ligated to achieve 40.0 ± 6.7% (E3) of control flow. The v values remained unchanged at around 0.7 for E1, E2 and E3 determinations, suggesting unaltered substrate transit time through the coronary capillary bed. A(max)/K(m) values decreased to 36 ± 5, 17 ± 4, and 47 ± 10% of control for E1, E2, and E3 determinations, respectively, reflecting a flow-proportional decrease in CCSA. Values of the transpulmonary measures of v and A(max)/K(m) performed at the beginning and end of the protocol were unchanged. These results support the hypothesis that reduction in coronary blood flow will produce proportional decreases in the size of the CCSA. This new procedure can thus serve as a useful tool for investigating alterations in the size of the CCSA in different species and under various pathophysiologic challenges.

KW - Angiotensin-converting enzyme

KW - Capillary surface

KW - Coronary circulation

KW - Dog

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031708417&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031708417&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1006/mvre.1998.2092

DO - 10.1006/mvre.1998.2092

M3 - Article

C2 - 9756732

AN - SCOPUS:0031708417

VL - 56

SP - 95

EP - 103

JO - Microvascular Research

JF - Microvascular Research

SN - 0026-2862

IS - 2

ER -