Effect of acetic acid and furfural on cellulase production of Trichoderma reesei RUT C30

Zs. Szengyel, G. Zacchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Because of the high temperature applied in the steam pretreatment of lignocellulosic materials, different types of inhibiting degradation products of saccharides and lignin, such as acetic acid and furfural, are formed. The main objective of the present study was to examine the effect of acetic acid and furfural on the cellulase production of a filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei RUT C30, which is known to be one of the best cellulase-producing strains. Mandels's mineral medium, supplemented with steam-pretreated willow as the carbon source at a concentration corresponding to 10 g/L of carbohydrate, was used. Four different concentration levels of acetic acid (0-3.0 g/L) and furfural (0-1.2 g/L) were applied alone as well as in certain combinations. Two enzyme activities, cellulase and β-glucosidase, were measured. The highest cellulase activity obtained after a 7-d incubation was 1.55 FPU/mL with 1.0 g/L of acetic acid and 0.8 g/L of furfural added to the medium. This was 17% higher than that obtained without acetic acid and furfural. Furthermore, the results showed that acetic acid alone did not influence the cellulase activity even at the highest concentration. However, β-glucosidase activity was increased with increasing acetic acid concentration. Furfural proved to be an inhibiting agent causing a significant decrease in both cellulase and β-glucosidase production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-42
Number of pages12
JournalApplied Biochemistry and Biotechnology - Part A Enzyme Engineering and Biotechnology
Volume89
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Fingerprint

Furaldehyde
Furfural
Trichoderma
Cellulase
Acetic acid
Acetic Acid
Glucosidases
Steam
Salix
Lignin
Enzyme activity
Carbohydrates
Fungi
Minerals
Carbon
Degradation
Temperature
Enzymes

Keywords

  • Acetic acid
  • Cellulase
  • Furfural
  • Inhibition
  • Steam-pretreated willow
  • Trichoderma reesei RUT C30

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering

Cite this

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title = "Effect of acetic acid and furfural on cellulase production of Trichoderma reesei RUT C30",
abstract = "Because of the high temperature applied in the steam pretreatment of lignocellulosic materials, different types of inhibiting degradation products of saccharides and lignin, such as acetic acid and furfural, are formed. The main objective of the present study was to examine the effect of acetic acid and furfural on the cellulase production of a filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei RUT C30, which is known to be one of the best cellulase-producing strains. Mandels's mineral medium, supplemented with steam-pretreated willow as the carbon source at a concentration corresponding to 10 g/L of carbohydrate, was used. Four different concentration levels of acetic acid (0-3.0 g/L) and furfural (0-1.2 g/L) were applied alone as well as in certain combinations. Two enzyme activities, cellulase and β-glucosidase, were measured. The highest cellulase activity obtained after a 7-d incubation was 1.55 FPU/mL with 1.0 g/L of acetic acid and 0.8 g/L of furfural added to the medium. This was 17{\%} higher than that obtained without acetic acid and furfural. Furthermore, the results showed that acetic acid alone did not influence the cellulase activity even at the highest concentration. However, β-glucosidase activity was increased with increasing acetic acid concentration. Furfural proved to be an inhibiting agent causing a significant decrease in both cellulase and β-glucosidase production.",
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T1 - Effect of acetic acid and furfural on cellulase production of Trichoderma reesei RUT C30

AU - Szengyel, Zs.

AU - Zacchi, G.

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - Because of the high temperature applied in the steam pretreatment of lignocellulosic materials, different types of inhibiting degradation products of saccharides and lignin, such as acetic acid and furfural, are formed. The main objective of the present study was to examine the effect of acetic acid and furfural on the cellulase production of a filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei RUT C30, which is known to be one of the best cellulase-producing strains. Mandels's mineral medium, supplemented with steam-pretreated willow as the carbon source at a concentration corresponding to 10 g/L of carbohydrate, was used. Four different concentration levels of acetic acid (0-3.0 g/L) and furfural (0-1.2 g/L) were applied alone as well as in certain combinations. Two enzyme activities, cellulase and β-glucosidase, were measured. The highest cellulase activity obtained after a 7-d incubation was 1.55 FPU/mL with 1.0 g/L of acetic acid and 0.8 g/L of furfural added to the medium. This was 17% higher than that obtained without acetic acid and furfural. Furthermore, the results showed that acetic acid alone did not influence the cellulase activity even at the highest concentration. However, β-glucosidase activity was increased with increasing acetic acid concentration. Furfural proved to be an inhibiting agent causing a significant decrease in both cellulase and β-glucosidase production.

AB - Because of the high temperature applied in the steam pretreatment of lignocellulosic materials, different types of inhibiting degradation products of saccharides and lignin, such as acetic acid and furfural, are formed. The main objective of the present study was to examine the effect of acetic acid and furfural on the cellulase production of a filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei RUT C30, which is known to be one of the best cellulase-producing strains. Mandels's mineral medium, supplemented with steam-pretreated willow as the carbon source at a concentration corresponding to 10 g/L of carbohydrate, was used. Four different concentration levels of acetic acid (0-3.0 g/L) and furfural (0-1.2 g/L) were applied alone as well as in certain combinations. Two enzyme activities, cellulase and β-glucosidase, were measured. The highest cellulase activity obtained after a 7-d incubation was 1.55 FPU/mL with 1.0 g/L of acetic acid and 0.8 g/L of furfural added to the medium. This was 17% higher than that obtained without acetic acid and furfural. Furthermore, the results showed that acetic acid alone did not influence the cellulase activity even at the highest concentration. However, β-glucosidase activity was increased with increasing acetic acid concentration. Furfural proved to be an inhibiting agent causing a significant decrease in both cellulase and β-glucosidase production.

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