Effect of a new potent CCK antagonist, lorglumide, on caerulein‐ and bombesin‐induced pancreatic secretion and growth in the rat

Carmelo Scarpignato, Gábor Varga, István Dobronyi, Miklós Papp

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The effect of lorglumide, a new potent cholecystokinin (CCK) antagonist, on pancreatic secretion and growth induced by caerulein and bombesin was studied in the rat. Pancreatic exocrine secretion was studied both in vitro (isolated and perfused pancreatic segments) and in vivo (anaesthetized animals with cannulation of the common bile duct) whereas the trophic effect was investiged after short‐term (5 days) administration of the peptides and/or lorglumide. Both caerulein and bombesin stimulated amylase release from in vitro pancreatic segments in a concentration‐dependent manner. Although the efficacy of both peptides was virtually identical, the potency of caerulein was higher than that of bombesin. Lorglumide displaced the concentration‐response curves to caerulein to the right without affecting the maximum response, suggesting a competitive antagonism. The Schild plot analysis of data gave a straight line with a slope not significantly different from unity. The calculated pA2 for lorglumide was 7.31 ± 0.45. The antagonist, however, was completely ineffective when tested against bombesin‐induced amylase release. In vivo experiments confirmed results from in vitro studies since lorglumide (5 and 10 mg kg−1) significantly reduced pancreatic exocrine secretion induced by caerulein without affecting the response to bombesin. Administration of either peptide increased the weight of the pancreas, the total pancreatic protein and DNA, trypsin and amylase content. Lorglumide (10 mg kg−1), administered together with caerulein, reduced the peptide‐induced increase in pancreatic weight, protein and enzyme content. On the contrary, when lorglumide was given together with bombesin, all the parameters that were examined were not altered by concomitant administration of the antagonist. These results have demonstrated the ability of lorglumide to antagonize the effects on the pancreas of a CCK‐analogue, caerulein, and its inability to affect bombesin‐induced pancreatic secretion and growth, suggesting that lorglumide is a potent and selective antagonist of CCK‐receptors in the pancreas. 1989 British Pharmacological Society

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)661-669
Number of pages9
JournalBritish journal of pharmacology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1989


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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