Effect-directed analysis via hyphenated high-performance thin-layer chromatography for bioanalytical profiling of sunflower leaves

A. Móricz, P. Ott, Imanuel Yüce, András Darcsi, S. Béni, Gertrud E. Morlock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)


High-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) coupled with effect-directed analysis was used for non-targeted screening of sunflower leaf extract for components exhibiting antioxidant, antibacterial and/or cholinesterase enzyme inhibitory effects. The active compounds were characterized by HPTLC-electrospray ionization-high resolution mass spectrometry (ESI-HRMS) and HPTLC-Direct Analysis in Real Time (DART)-MS/MS. The latter ambient ionization technique (less soft than ESI) resulted in oxidation and fragmentation products and characteristic fragment ions. NMR spectroscopy after targeted isolation via preparative normal phase flash chromatography and semi-preparative reversed phase high-performance liquid chromatography supported the identification of two diterpenes to be (-)-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid and 15-α-angeloyloxy-ent-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid. Both compounds found to be multi-potent as they inhibited acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase and showed antibacterial effects against Gram-positive Bacillus subtilis and Gram-negative Aliivibrio fischeri bacteria. Kaurenoic acid was also active against the Gram-negative pepper pathogenic Xanthomonas euvesicatoria bacteria.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-220
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Publication statusPublished - Jan 19 2018


  • Cholinesterase inhibitors
  • Diterpenes
  • High-performance thin-layer chromatography–direct analysis in real time–tandem mass spectrometry
  • High-performance thin-layer chromatography–effect-directed analysis
  • High-performance thin-layer chromatography–electrospray ionization–high resolution tandem mass spectrometry
  • Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) leaf extract

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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