EF24 induces G2/M arrest and apoptosis in cisplatin-resistant human ovarian cancer cells by increasing PTEN expression

Karuppaiyah Selvendiran, Liyue Tong, Shilpa Vishwanath, Anna Bratasz, Nancy J. Trigg, Vijay K. Kutala, Kalman Hideg, Periannan Kuppusamy

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109 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report that EF24, a synthetic compound 3,5-bis(2-flurobenzylidene) piperidin-4-one, greatly inhibits cisplatin-resistant (CR) human ovarian cancer cell proliferation. The inhibitory effect of EF24 on cell proliferation is associated with G2/M phase cell cycle arrest and increased G 2/M checkpoint protein (pp53, p53, and p21) levels. Within 24 h following treatment, EF24 induced apoptosis in CR cells. The apoptosis was partially blocked by the general caspase inhibitor z-VAD. Within 12 h, EF24 induced a membranous FasL expression, consistent with a substantial decrease in the Ser473 and Thr308 phosphorylation of Akt, a known negative regulator of FasL transcription. Also, EF24 activated the phosphorylated PTEN and marginally up-regulated total PTEN expression through the inhibition of ubiquitin-mediated PTEN degradation. Suppression of PTEN expression with siRNA significantly reduced the p53 and p21 levels and activated Akt phosphorylation at Ser473 and Thr308, resulting in decreased apoptosis and increased cell survival. On the other hand, overexpression of PTEN markedly induced apoptosis. Our results clearly suggested that EF24 induced significant increase in PTEN expression. The up-regulation of PTEN inhibited Akt and MDM2, which enhanced the level of p53, thereby inducing G2/M arrest and apoptosis. Therefore, EF24 appears to have a potential therapeutic role in human ovarian cancer through the activation of PTEN.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28609-28618
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume282
Issue number39
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 28 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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    Selvendiran, K., Tong, L., Vishwanath, S., Bratasz, A., Trigg, N. J., Kutala, V. K., Hideg, K., & Kuppusamy, P. (2007). EF24 induces G2/M arrest and apoptosis in cisplatin-resistant human ovarian cancer cells by increasing PTEN expression. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 282(39), 28609-28618. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M703796200