Edge effect on carabids (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in beech forest - grassland transects in the Zemplén Mountains in Hungary

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Abstract

Abundance and species richness of ground beetles were studied along beech forest - forest edge - grassland transects in the Zemplén Mountains, Northern Hungary using pitfall traps. Ground beetle assemblages in the forest interior, forest edge and grassland were separated from each other by ordination based on abundances using the Bray-Curtis similarity coefficient. The scalable Rényi diversity ordering showed that the carabid assemblage of the grassland was the most diverse, while the forest edge was less diverse than the grassland. The least diverse was the forest assemblage. Overall species richness was identical in the grassland and in the forest edge. The number of forest species was significantly higher in the edge than in the grassland and forest. The number of generalist species was highest in the grassland and decreased towards the forest. The overall abundance was highest in the edge. The number of individuals of forest species was highest in the forest and decreased toward the grassland. The abundance of generalist species was significantly higher in the edge than in the grassland and forest. Character species analysis (IndVal) detected five groups of species: species of all habitats, grassland-associated species, species of grassland and edge, edge-associated species, and forest-associated species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-95
Number of pages11
JournalThaiszia Journal of Botany
Volume19
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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Carabidae
edge effects
Hungary
Fagus
grasslands
mountains
Coleoptera
species diversity
pitfall traps

Keywords

  • Edge-associated species
  • Forest edge
  • Ground beetles
  • Rényi diversity
  • Zemplén Mountains

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

Cite this

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title = "Edge effect on carabids (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in beech forest - grassland transects in the Zempl{\'e}n Mountains in Hungary",
abstract = "Abundance and species richness of ground beetles were studied along beech forest - forest edge - grassland transects in the Zempl{\'e}n Mountains, Northern Hungary using pitfall traps. Ground beetle assemblages in the forest interior, forest edge and grassland were separated from each other by ordination based on abundances using the Bray-Curtis similarity coefficient. The scalable R{\'e}nyi diversity ordering showed that the carabid assemblage of the grassland was the most diverse, while the forest edge was less diverse than the grassland. The least diverse was the forest assemblage. Overall species richness was identical in the grassland and in the forest edge. The number of forest species was significantly higher in the edge than in the grassland and forest. The number of generalist species was highest in the grassland and decreased towards the forest. The overall abundance was highest in the edge. The number of individuals of forest species was highest in the forest and decreased toward the grassland. The abundance of generalist species was significantly higher in the edge than in the grassland and forest. Character species analysis (IndVal) detected five groups of species: species of all habitats, grassland-associated species, species of grassland and edge, edge-associated species, and forest-associated species.",
keywords = "Edge-associated species, Forest edge, Ground beetles, R{\'e}nyi diversity, Zempl{\'e}n Mountains",
author = "Z. Elek",
year = "2009",
language = "English",
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pages = "85--95",
journal = "Thaiszia Journal of Botany",
issn = "1210-0420",
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N2 - Abundance and species richness of ground beetles were studied along beech forest - forest edge - grassland transects in the Zemplén Mountains, Northern Hungary using pitfall traps. Ground beetle assemblages in the forest interior, forest edge and grassland were separated from each other by ordination based on abundances using the Bray-Curtis similarity coefficient. The scalable Rényi diversity ordering showed that the carabid assemblage of the grassland was the most diverse, while the forest edge was less diverse than the grassland. The least diverse was the forest assemblage. Overall species richness was identical in the grassland and in the forest edge. The number of forest species was significantly higher in the edge than in the grassland and forest. The number of generalist species was highest in the grassland and decreased towards the forest. The overall abundance was highest in the edge. The number of individuals of forest species was highest in the forest and decreased toward the grassland. The abundance of generalist species was significantly higher in the edge than in the grassland and forest. Character species analysis (IndVal) detected five groups of species: species of all habitats, grassland-associated species, species of grassland and edge, edge-associated species, and forest-associated species.

AB - Abundance and species richness of ground beetles were studied along beech forest - forest edge - grassland transects in the Zemplén Mountains, Northern Hungary using pitfall traps. Ground beetle assemblages in the forest interior, forest edge and grassland were separated from each other by ordination based on abundances using the Bray-Curtis similarity coefficient. The scalable Rényi diversity ordering showed that the carabid assemblage of the grassland was the most diverse, while the forest edge was less diverse than the grassland. The least diverse was the forest assemblage. Overall species richness was identical in the grassland and in the forest edge. The number of forest species was significantly higher in the edge than in the grassland and forest. The number of generalist species was highest in the grassland and decreased towards the forest. The overall abundance was highest in the edge. The number of individuals of forest species was highest in the forest and decreased toward the grassland. The abundance of generalist species was significantly higher in the edge than in the grassland and forest. Character species analysis (IndVal) detected five groups of species: species of all habitats, grassland-associated species, species of grassland and edge, edge-associated species, and forest-associated species.

KW - Edge-associated species

KW - Forest edge

KW - Ground beetles

KW - Rényi diversity

KW - Zemplén Mountains

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