Ectopic pregnancies and reproductive capacity after Chlamydia trachomatis positive and negative test results: A historical follow-up study

Berit Andersen, Lars Østergaard, Erzsebet Puho, Mette Vinther Skriver, Henrik C. Schønheyder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Recent studies have shown that women with Chlamydia trachomatis-positive test results worry about their future fertility. Goal: The goal of this study was to give women infected with C. trachomatis a fertility prognosis by analyzing ectopic pregnancies and birth rates Study Design: An historical follow-up study in a cohort of 22,264 women tested for the infection was conducted. Results: Cox regression analysis with time-dependent covariates showed that women with at least 1 C. trachomatis-positive test result had a lower incidence rate of ectopic pregnancy than women with negative test results only (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.55; 95% confidence interval [CI], 031-0.96). We found comparable birth rates in the 2 groups (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.92; 95% CI, 0.84-1.00). Conclusions: Counseling of women with a C. trachomatis-positive test result should emphasize the benefit of detection and treatment of the infection in terms of future morbidity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)377-381
Number of pages5
JournalSexually Transmitted Diseases
Volume32
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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