Ecotoxicity assessment of trafficrelated airborne pollution

Nora Kováts, A. Gelencsér

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Traffic-related airborne pollution has been well characterised from(human) toxicological aspects, also, the role of plants in active/passivebiomonitoring has been extensively investigated. On the contrary, muchless information is available on the ecotoxicity of these emissions.Ecotoxicological tests (or bioassays) are controlled, reproducible tests inwhich ecological responses are determined quantitatively. Theseecological responses are termed test end-points. Mortality as an ultimate(and easy-to-quantify) end-point is widely used, but other, sub-lethalendpoints exist such as impairment of growth/development, reproductiveand/or biochemical dysfunctions, morphological abnormalities, orbiochemical responses. Most authors agree that bioassays can be used inbiomonitoring. Bioassays, however, can not only provide quantitativeinformation on the toxic effect, but a clear concentration-responserelationship can be established and concentration-response or stressorresponsepatterns can be analysed. For ecotoxicity testing, the Vibrio fischeri bioluminescenceinhibition test has been used almost exclusively. This chapter gives anoverview of the basic principles of the bioassay, gives examples on itsapplication for ecotoxicity assessment of airborne pollution, and alsoincludes state-of-the art developments such as lux-based biosensors or thekinetic version of the test. Apart from this bioassay, other sporadicallyapplied methods are described.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAir Quality: Environmental Indicators, Monitoring and Health Implications
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Pages99-130
Number of pages32
ISBN (Print)9781628082593
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

bioassay
pollution
abnormality
ecotoxicity
test
mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Kováts, N., & Gelencsér, A. (2013). Ecotoxicity assessment of trafficrelated airborne pollution. In Air Quality: Environmental Indicators, Monitoring and Health Implications (pp. 99-130). Nova Science Publishers, Inc..

Ecotoxicity assessment of trafficrelated airborne pollution. / Kováts, Nora; Gelencsér, A.

Air Quality: Environmental Indicators, Monitoring and Health Implications. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2013. p. 99-130.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Kováts, N & Gelencsér, A 2013, Ecotoxicity assessment of trafficrelated airborne pollution. in Air Quality: Environmental Indicators, Monitoring and Health Implications. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., pp. 99-130.
Kováts N, Gelencsér A. Ecotoxicity assessment of trafficrelated airborne pollution. In Air Quality: Environmental Indicators, Monitoring and Health Implications. Nova Science Publishers, Inc. 2013. p. 99-130
Kováts, Nora ; Gelencsér, A. / Ecotoxicity assessment of trafficrelated airborne pollution. Air Quality: Environmental Indicators, Monitoring and Health Implications. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2013. pp. 99-130
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