Echocardiographic findings in patients with Williams-Beuren syndrome

Dora Scheiber, Gyorgy Fekete, Zoltan Urban, Ildiko Tarjan, Gergely Balaton, Lajos Kosa, Katalin Nagy, Zoltan Vajo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Williams-Beuren syndrome is a multisystem developmental disorder caused by a microdeletion at chromosome 7q11.23. In its classic form it includes dysmorphic facial features, joint contractures, retardation of growth and mental development, gregarious personality, visuospatial cognitive deficits, hypercalcemia, primary or secondary hypertension and cardiovascular disorders. Aim: Clinical diagnosis of Williams-Beuren syndrome can be a challenge in young patients if none of the characteristic cardiovascular features, i.e. supravalvular aortic stenosis or pulmonary artery stenosis, are present. Our aim was to demonstrate the changes in cardiovascular lesions during the postnatal development of Williams-Beuren patients and to follow all cardiovascular findings beyond the most common ones. Methods: The cardiovascular status of 29 patients with Williams-Beuren syndrome (mean age 12.8 years) was recorded in correlation with age. Results: Cardiovascular diagnoses changed in the majority (72.4%) of patients. Interestingly, 44.8% of the patients had periods with no reported cardiovascular disease. Furthermore, 65.5% of the patients experienced periods when none of the typical cardiovascular lesions, i.e. diffuse or localized supravalvular aortic stenosis and/or pulmonary artery stenosis, were detected. Spontaneous regression and progression of both supravalvular aortic stenosis and pulmonary artery stenosis were observed. An unexpectedly high frequency (41%) of mitral valve disorders was found. Conclusions: Our study showed that temporary absence of and changes in cardiovascular findings are frequent in Williams-Beuren syndrome. These results could contribute to the refinement of diagnostic criteria and recommendations for cardiovascular follow-up of patients with this syndrome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)538-542
Number of pages5
JournalWiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Volume118
Issue number17-18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2006

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Keywords

  • Cardiology
  • Clinical diagnosis
  • Pediatric
  • Williams-Beuren syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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