Echocardiographic characteristics in adolescent junior male athletes of different sport events

L. Petridis, Zs Kneffel, Zs Kispéter, P. Horváth, Z. Sidó, G. Pavlik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of different sport activities on cardiac adaptation. Echocardiographic data of 137 athletes and 21 non-athletes were measured and compared in two age groups 15-16 and 17-18 years of age. Athletes belonged into three groups according to their sports activity (endurance events, power athletes, ball game players). The observed variables were related to body size by indices in which the exponents of the numerator and the denominator were matched. Left ventricular hypertrophy was manifest in all athletic groups. Power athletes had the largest mean left ventricular wall thickness (LVWTd) in both age groups. In the older age group differences between the athletic groups were smaller, but the endurance and power athletes had significantly higher wall thickness. Left ventricular internal diameter (LVIDd) was the largest in the endurance athletes, while mean relative muscle mass (LVMM) was the largest in the power athletes. LVMM of the older endurance athletes was significantly larger. Muscular quotient (MQ) was the highest in the endurance athletes; in the 17-18-year group there was no inter-event difference. Bradycardia was most manifest in the endurance athletes and ball game players, power athletes had higher resting heart rates than non-athletic subjects. It can be inferred that endurance training induces firstly an enlargement of the left ventricle what is then followed by an increase of muscle mass. In the studied functional and regulatory parameters no difference was found between the athletic and non-athletic groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-109
Number of pages11
JournalActa Physiologica Hungarica
Volume91
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Fingerprint

Athletes
Sports
Age Groups
Muscles
Body Size
Left Ventricular Hypertrophy
Bradycardia
Heart Ventricles
Heart Rate

Keywords

  • Athlete's heart
  • Ball games
  • Echocardiography
  • Endurance events
  • Junior athletes
  • Power events

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

Cite this

Echocardiographic characteristics in adolescent junior male athletes of different sport events. / Petridis, L.; Kneffel, Zs; Kispéter, Zs; Horváth, P.; Sidó, Z.; Pavlik, G.

In: Acta Physiologica Hungarica, Vol. 91, No. 2, 2004, p. 99-109.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Petridis, L. ; Kneffel, Zs ; Kispéter, Zs ; Horváth, P. ; Sidó, Z. ; Pavlik, G. / Echocardiographic characteristics in adolescent junior male athletes of different sport events. In: Acta Physiologica Hungarica. 2004 ; Vol. 91, No. 2. pp. 99-109.
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