Adenocarcinomas in Barrett's esophagus are increasingly diagnosed at early stages thanks to effective surveillance programs. Subtotal esophagectomy with extended lymphadenectomy is considered the best curative treatment for patients with early adenocarcinoma of the esophagus. However, such treatment is associated with substantial morbidity and compromised quality of life. Limited resection, minimal invasive surgical procedures or endoscopic mucosal ablation have been proposed as less invasive alternatives. A comparison of treatment-associated morbidity, recurrence rate, long-term survival and functional outcome suggests that none of these alternative methods can be universally recommended. An individualized strategy should be employed based on staging (tumor penetration into the mucosa/submucosa, presence of lymph node metastasis), multicentricity of tumor, length of the underlying Barrett's mucosa and risk factors of the affected patient. Surgical resection (radical or limited) remains the treatment of choice for tumors invading the submucosa, multicentric tumor growth and recurrence after endoscopic mucosectomy.
- Antireflux surgery
- Barrett's esophagus
- Early esophageal adenocarcinoma
- Endoscopic mucosal resection
ASJC Scopus subject areas