Early events in free radical-mediated damage of isolated nerve terminals: Effects of peroxides on membrane potential and intracellular Na+ and Ca2+ concentrations

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Abstract

The effects of peroxides were investigated on the membrane potential, intracellular Na+ ([Na+]i) and intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) concentrations, and basal glutamate release of synaptosomes. Both H2O2 and the organic cumene hydroperoxide produced a slow and continuous depolarization, parallel to an increase of [Na+]i over an incubation period of 15 min. A steady rise of the [Ca2+]1 due to peroxides was also observed that was external Ca2+ dependent and detected only at an inwardly directed Ca2+ gradient of the plasma membrane. These changes did not correlate with lipid peroxidation, which was elicited by cumene hydroperoxide but not by H2O2. Resting release of glutamate remained unchanged during the first 15 min of incubation in the presence of peroxides. These alterations may indicate early dysfunctions in the sequence of events occurring in the nerve terminals in response to oxidative stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2057-2066
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of neurochemistry
Volume66
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1996

Keywords

  • Free radicals
  • Intracellular Ca concentration
  • Intracellular Na concentration
  • Membrane potential
  • Synaptosomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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