### Abstract

The high value of brane tension has a crucial role in recovering Einstein's general relativity at low energies. In the framework of a recently developed formalism with variable brane tension, one can pose the question of whether it was always that high. In analogy with fluid membranes, in this paper we allow for temperature-dependent brane tension, according to the corresponding law established by Eötvös. For cosmological branes this assumption leads to several immediate consequences: (a) The brane universe was created at a finite temperature Tc and scale factor amin. (b) Both the brane tension and the four-dimensional gravitational coupling "constant" increase with the scale factor from zero to asymptotic values. (c) The four-dimensional cosmological constant evolves with a, starting with a huge negative value, passing through zero, finally reaching a small positive value. Such a scale-factor-dependent cosmological constant is able to generate a surplus of attraction at small a (as dark matter does) and a late-time repulsion at large a (dark energy). In the particular toy model discussed here, the evolution of the brane tension is compensated by energy interchange between the brane and the fifth dimension, such that the continuity equation holds for the cosmological fluid. The resulting cosmology closely mimics the standard model at late times, a decelerated phase being followed by an accelerated expansion. The energy absorption of the brane drives the five-dimensional space-time towards maximal symmetry, becoming anti-de Sitter.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 086007 |

Journal | Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology |

Volume | 79 |

Issue number | 8 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Apr 1 2009 |

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)