Dynamic mechanical properties and morphology of polypropylene block copolymers and polypropylene/elastomer blends

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Abstract

The relation between the dynamic mechanical properties and the morphology of polypropylene (PP) block copolymers and polypropylene/elastomer blends was studied by dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), light‐ and electron microscopy. The latter techniques contributed to an improvement in assignments of relaxation transitions in the DMA spectra. It was established that PP block copolymers had multiphase structure since the ethylene/propylene rubber phase (EPR) formed in the copolymerization contained polyethylene (PE) domains. An identical morphology was found in the case of PP/polyolefin thermoplastic rubber (TPO) blends. Impact modification of PP by styrene/butadiene block copolymers led to a multiphase structure, too, due to the polystyrene (PS) domains aggregated in the soft rubbery polybutadiene phase. In the semicrystalline polyolefinic and in the amorphous styrene/butadienebased thermoplastic rubbers, PE crystallites and PS do mains acted as nodes of the physical network structure, respectively. PP/EPDM/TPO ternary blends developed for replacing high‐density PE showed very high dispersion of the modifiers as compared to that of PP block copolymers. This fine dispersion of the impact modifier is a basic regulating factor of impact energy dissipation in the form of shear yielding and crazing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)254-262
Number of pages9
JournalPolymer Engineering & Science
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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