Dynamic insulin secretion from perifused rat pancreatic islets

V. Csernus, T. Hammer, D. Peschke, E. Peschke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Insulin secretion from isolated pancreatic islets of 8- to 12-day-old rats was investigated in a dynamic in vitro (perifusion) system. The aims of the study were (i) to describe a carefully controlled in vitro method to study the mechanism of insulin secretion and to analyse the effects and dynamic interactions of bioactive compounds on isolated rat pancreatic islets, (ii) to validate the method by comparing fundamental data on the functions of the islets obtained with this method to those collected with other techniques; and (iii) to find novel features of the control of insulin secretion. The method was carefully designed to maintain the functional capacity of the explanted cells. A functional standardization system was elaborated consisting of (i) analysis of the changes in the basal hormone secretion of the cells; (ii) evaluating responses to a standard, specific stimuli (50 mM glucose for 3 min); (iii) determining the alteration of the momentary size of the hormone pool with responses to KCl; and (iv) direct determination of the total intracellular hormone content from the extract of the column. The technique provides accurate quantitative data on the dynamic responses to biologically active compounds that act directly on the pancreatic islets. The islets maintained their full responsiveness for up to 7 days, and responses as close as in 1-min intervals could be distinguished. A linear dose-response relationship was found on the glucose-induced insulin release in case of 3-min stimulation with 4 and 500 mM of glucose (lin-log graph). Utilizing this method, we showed that no desensitization to glucose-induced insulin release can be observed if the responsiveness of the cells is properly maintained and the parameters of the stimulation are carefully designed. Exposure of the explanted islets to 10 μM acetylcholine or 30 mM arginine (Arg) induced a transitory elevation of insulin release similar in shape to that experienced after glucose stimulation. Norepinephrine (NE), dopamine (DA) and somatostatin (SS) did not induce any detectable alteration on the basal insulin secretion of the islets. However, 100 nM SS given together with 50 mM glucose, 30 mM Arg or 10 μM acetylcholine significantly reduced the insulin-releasing effect of these substances (by 75.5, 71.5 and 72.5%, respectively). At the same time, SS did not alter the insulin response of the islets to 100 mM elevation of K+ concentration. SS also inhibited glucose-induced insulin release in a dose-dependent way (ED50 = 22 nM). A similar dose-dependent inhibitory effect on glucose-induced insulin release was found with NE (ED50 = 89 nM) and DA (ED50 = 2.2 μM). γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) did not influence insulin release under similar circumstances.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)733-743
Number of pages11
JournalCellular and Molecular Life Sciences
Volume54
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Fingerprint

Islets of Langerhans
Rats
Insulin
Glucose
Somatostatin
Hormones
Acetylcholine
Arginine
Dopamine
Norepinephrine
Aminobutyrates
gamma-Aminobutyric Acid
Standardization
Dynamic response

Keywords

  • Insulin
  • Pancreatic islets
  • Perifusion
  • Secretion kinetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Dynamic insulin secretion from perifused rat pancreatic islets. / Csernus, V.; Hammer, T.; Peschke, D.; Peschke, E.

In: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, Vol. 54, No. 7, 1998, p. 733-743.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Csernus, V. ; Hammer, T. ; Peschke, D. ; Peschke, E. / Dynamic insulin secretion from perifused rat pancreatic islets. In: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences. 1998 ; Vol. 54, No. 7. pp. 733-743.
@article{9d4d4dd6b7704956a99efe350976bcc1,
title = "Dynamic insulin secretion from perifused rat pancreatic islets",
abstract = "Insulin secretion from isolated pancreatic islets of 8- to 12-day-old rats was investigated in a dynamic in vitro (perifusion) system. The aims of the study were (i) to describe a carefully controlled in vitro method to study the mechanism of insulin secretion and to analyse the effects and dynamic interactions of bioactive compounds on isolated rat pancreatic islets, (ii) to validate the method by comparing fundamental data on the functions of the islets obtained with this method to those collected with other techniques; and (iii) to find novel features of the control of insulin secretion. The method was carefully designed to maintain the functional capacity of the explanted cells. A functional standardization system was elaborated consisting of (i) analysis of the changes in the basal hormone secretion of the cells; (ii) evaluating responses to a standard, specific stimuli (50 mM glucose for 3 min); (iii) determining the alteration of the momentary size of the hormone pool with responses to KCl; and (iv) direct determination of the total intracellular hormone content from the extract of the column. The technique provides accurate quantitative data on the dynamic responses to biologically active compounds that act directly on the pancreatic islets. The islets maintained their full responsiveness for up to 7 days, and responses as close as in 1-min intervals could be distinguished. A linear dose-response relationship was found on the glucose-induced insulin release in case of 3-min stimulation with 4 and 500 mM of glucose (lin-log graph). Utilizing this method, we showed that no desensitization to glucose-induced insulin release can be observed if the responsiveness of the cells is properly maintained and the parameters of the stimulation are carefully designed. Exposure of the explanted islets to 10 μM acetylcholine or 30 mM arginine (Arg) induced a transitory elevation of insulin release similar in shape to that experienced after glucose stimulation. Norepinephrine (NE), dopamine (DA) and somatostatin (SS) did not induce any detectable alteration on the basal insulin secretion of the islets. However, 100 nM SS given together with 50 mM glucose, 30 mM Arg or 10 μM acetylcholine significantly reduced the insulin-releasing effect of these substances (by 75.5, 71.5 and 72.5{\%}, respectively). At the same time, SS did not alter the insulin response of the islets to 100 mM elevation of K+ concentration. SS also inhibited glucose-induced insulin release in a dose-dependent way (ED50 = 22 nM). A similar dose-dependent inhibitory effect on glucose-induced insulin release was found with NE (ED50 = 89 nM) and DA (ED50 = 2.2 μM). γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) did not influence insulin release under similar circumstances.",
keywords = "Insulin, Pancreatic islets, Perifusion, Secretion kinetics",
author = "V. Csernus and T. Hammer and D. Peschke and E. Peschke",
year = "1998",
doi = "10.1007/s000180050201",
language = "English",
volume = "54",
pages = "733--743",
journal = "Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences",
issn = "1420-682X",
publisher = "Birkhauser Verlag Basel",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dynamic insulin secretion from perifused rat pancreatic islets

AU - Csernus, V.

AU - Hammer, T.

AU - Peschke, D.

AU - Peschke, E.

PY - 1998

Y1 - 1998

N2 - Insulin secretion from isolated pancreatic islets of 8- to 12-day-old rats was investigated in a dynamic in vitro (perifusion) system. The aims of the study were (i) to describe a carefully controlled in vitro method to study the mechanism of insulin secretion and to analyse the effects and dynamic interactions of bioactive compounds on isolated rat pancreatic islets, (ii) to validate the method by comparing fundamental data on the functions of the islets obtained with this method to those collected with other techniques; and (iii) to find novel features of the control of insulin secretion. The method was carefully designed to maintain the functional capacity of the explanted cells. A functional standardization system was elaborated consisting of (i) analysis of the changes in the basal hormone secretion of the cells; (ii) evaluating responses to a standard, specific stimuli (50 mM glucose for 3 min); (iii) determining the alteration of the momentary size of the hormone pool with responses to KCl; and (iv) direct determination of the total intracellular hormone content from the extract of the column. The technique provides accurate quantitative data on the dynamic responses to biologically active compounds that act directly on the pancreatic islets. The islets maintained their full responsiveness for up to 7 days, and responses as close as in 1-min intervals could be distinguished. A linear dose-response relationship was found on the glucose-induced insulin release in case of 3-min stimulation with 4 and 500 mM of glucose (lin-log graph). Utilizing this method, we showed that no desensitization to glucose-induced insulin release can be observed if the responsiveness of the cells is properly maintained and the parameters of the stimulation are carefully designed. Exposure of the explanted islets to 10 μM acetylcholine or 30 mM arginine (Arg) induced a transitory elevation of insulin release similar in shape to that experienced after glucose stimulation. Norepinephrine (NE), dopamine (DA) and somatostatin (SS) did not induce any detectable alteration on the basal insulin secretion of the islets. However, 100 nM SS given together with 50 mM glucose, 30 mM Arg or 10 μM acetylcholine significantly reduced the insulin-releasing effect of these substances (by 75.5, 71.5 and 72.5%, respectively). At the same time, SS did not alter the insulin response of the islets to 100 mM elevation of K+ concentration. SS also inhibited glucose-induced insulin release in a dose-dependent way (ED50 = 22 nM). A similar dose-dependent inhibitory effect on glucose-induced insulin release was found with NE (ED50 = 89 nM) and DA (ED50 = 2.2 μM). γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) did not influence insulin release under similar circumstances.

AB - Insulin secretion from isolated pancreatic islets of 8- to 12-day-old rats was investigated in a dynamic in vitro (perifusion) system. The aims of the study were (i) to describe a carefully controlled in vitro method to study the mechanism of insulin secretion and to analyse the effects and dynamic interactions of bioactive compounds on isolated rat pancreatic islets, (ii) to validate the method by comparing fundamental data on the functions of the islets obtained with this method to those collected with other techniques; and (iii) to find novel features of the control of insulin secretion. The method was carefully designed to maintain the functional capacity of the explanted cells. A functional standardization system was elaborated consisting of (i) analysis of the changes in the basal hormone secretion of the cells; (ii) evaluating responses to a standard, specific stimuli (50 mM glucose for 3 min); (iii) determining the alteration of the momentary size of the hormone pool with responses to KCl; and (iv) direct determination of the total intracellular hormone content from the extract of the column. The technique provides accurate quantitative data on the dynamic responses to biologically active compounds that act directly on the pancreatic islets. The islets maintained their full responsiveness for up to 7 days, and responses as close as in 1-min intervals could be distinguished. A linear dose-response relationship was found on the glucose-induced insulin release in case of 3-min stimulation with 4 and 500 mM of glucose (lin-log graph). Utilizing this method, we showed that no desensitization to glucose-induced insulin release can be observed if the responsiveness of the cells is properly maintained and the parameters of the stimulation are carefully designed. Exposure of the explanted islets to 10 μM acetylcholine or 30 mM arginine (Arg) induced a transitory elevation of insulin release similar in shape to that experienced after glucose stimulation. Norepinephrine (NE), dopamine (DA) and somatostatin (SS) did not induce any detectable alteration on the basal insulin secretion of the islets. However, 100 nM SS given together with 50 mM glucose, 30 mM Arg or 10 μM acetylcholine significantly reduced the insulin-releasing effect of these substances (by 75.5, 71.5 and 72.5%, respectively). At the same time, SS did not alter the insulin response of the islets to 100 mM elevation of K+ concentration. SS also inhibited glucose-induced insulin release in a dose-dependent way (ED50 = 22 nM). A similar dose-dependent inhibitory effect on glucose-induced insulin release was found with NE (ED50 = 89 nM) and DA (ED50 = 2.2 μM). γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) did not influence insulin release under similar circumstances.

KW - Insulin

KW - Pancreatic islets

KW - Perifusion

KW - Secretion kinetics

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031871006&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031871006&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s000180050201

DO - 10.1007/s000180050201

M3 - Article

C2 - 9711240

AN - SCOPUS:0031871006

VL - 54

SP - 733

EP - 743

JO - Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences

JF - Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences

SN - 1420-682X

IS - 7

ER -