Dynamic electrochemical impedance spectroscopy of quasi-reversible redox systems. Properties of the Faradaic impedance, and relations to those of voltammograms

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Abstract

By analysing the electrochemical impedance spectra (EIS) of quasi-reversible redox systems, the two elements of the Faradaic impedance: charge transfer resistance and the coupled Warburg-coefficient can be obtained at a given potential. The same applies also to DEIS (dynamic EIS) measurements, when high frequency impedance spectra are measured while the potential is scanned to simultaneously accomplish cyclic voltammetry or other transient measurements. In case of DEIS both the charge transfer resistance and the Warburg coefficient depend on the applied potential program, e.g. on scan-rate. A theory is presented, yielding a transformation by which this dependence can be eliminated. The proposed procedure yields two, scan-rate independent, hysteresis-free functions, which are closely related to the EIS results, and also to the functions which are the transformed forms of the cyclic voltammograms as suggested in T. Pajkossy, S. Vesztergom, Electrochim. Acta, 297 (2019) 1121. To illustrate the properties of the transformations and the functions involved, numerical simulations are also presented. The theory opens a new route for the high-accuracy, fast determination of charge transfer rate coefficients of quasi-reversible redox systems by employing DEIS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)410-417
Number of pages8
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume308
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 10 2019

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Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
Charge transfer
Cyclic voltammetry
Hysteresis
Computer simulation
Oxidation-Reduction

Keywords

  • Charge transfer
  • Diffusion
  • Kinetics
  • Redox system
  • Semiintegration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "By analysing the electrochemical impedance spectra (EIS) of quasi-reversible redox systems, the two elements of the Faradaic impedance: charge transfer resistance and the coupled Warburg-coefficient can be obtained at a given potential. The same applies also to DEIS (dynamic EIS) measurements, when high frequency impedance spectra are measured while the potential is scanned to simultaneously accomplish cyclic voltammetry or other transient measurements. In case of DEIS both the charge transfer resistance and the Warburg coefficient depend on the applied potential program, e.g. on scan-rate. A theory is presented, yielding a transformation by which this dependence can be eliminated. The proposed procedure yields two, scan-rate independent, hysteresis-free functions, which are closely related to the EIS results, and also to the functions which are the transformed forms of the cyclic voltammograms as suggested in T. Pajkossy, S. Vesztergom, Electrochim. Acta, 297 (2019) 1121. To illustrate the properties of the transformations and the functions involved, numerical simulations are also presented. The theory opens a new route for the high-accuracy, fast determination of charge transfer rate coefficients of quasi-reversible redox systems by employing DEIS.",
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AB - By analysing the electrochemical impedance spectra (EIS) of quasi-reversible redox systems, the two elements of the Faradaic impedance: charge transfer resistance and the coupled Warburg-coefficient can be obtained at a given potential. The same applies also to DEIS (dynamic EIS) measurements, when high frequency impedance spectra are measured while the potential is scanned to simultaneously accomplish cyclic voltammetry or other transient measurements. In case of DEIS both the charge transfer resistance and the Warburg coefficient depend on the applied potential program, e.g. on scan-rate. A theory is presented, yielding a transformation by which this dependence can be eliminated. The proposed procedure yields two, scan-rate independent, hysteresis-free functions, which are closely related to the EIS results, and also to the functions which are the transformed forms of the cyclic voltammograms as suggested in T. Pajkossy, S. Vesztergom, Electrochim. Acta, 297 (2019) 1121. To illustrate the properties of the transformations and the functions involved, numerical simulations are also presented. The theory opens a new route for the high-accuracy, fast determination of charge transfer rate coefficients of quasi-reversible redox systems by employing DEIS.

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KW - Diffusion

KW - Kinetics

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KW - Semiintegration

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