Nitric oxide (NO) plays central role in the pathophysiology of large bowel diseases. In the gastrointestinal tract the predominant form of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoenzymes is neuronal NOS (nNOS). The aims were to investigate the role of NO and the activation of NOS isoforms during acute colonic obstruction. Haemodynamic changes, large bowel motility and plasma levels of nitrate-nitrite (NOx) were observed for 7 hrs in anaesthetized dogs. Group 1 (n=6) served as sham-operated control. In groups 2 (n=8), 3 (n=6), and 4 (n=6) colon obstruction was initiated. Groups 3 and 4 were treated with non-selective NOS inhibitor N-nitro-L-arginine (NNA, 4 mg/kg) or with the selective nNOS inhibitor 7-nitroindazol (7-NI, 5 mg/kg) 3 hr after the obstruction. At the end of the experiments, tissue biopsies were taken from the oral and aboral parts of the colon to determine the constitutive and inducible NOS (cNOS and iNOS, respectively) activities. RESULTS: The cNOS activity of the colon was significantly higher orally then aborally in each group. After obstruction the characteristic features of hyperdynamic sepsis were observed. The obstruction caused significant increase in iNOS activity, which was significantly reduced by the NOS inhibitors. The obstruction increased the motility on both parts of the colon. The administration of NNA transiently inhibited, but later significantly increased the motility of the colon segments. Inhibition of nNOS by 7-NI treatment did not influence the hemodynamic parameters but decreased the motility. CONCLUSION: Neuronal NO increases colon motility at the early stage of large bowel obstruction, however, during a concomitant sepsis the excess of inducible NO will moderate this effect.
|Translated title of the contribution||Dual effects of nitric oxide in acute colon obstruction|
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2005|
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