One year follow up(1.5, 3, 6, 12 months) study was established to examine the role of several classes of drugs in the treatment of reflux disease in 40 patients on the basis of objective control parameters (pH-metry, endoscopy, histology). The therapy was initiated, respectively, the different stage of severity (Savary-Miller): in stage 0 sucralfate + domperidone, in stage I and II: ranitidine + domperidone and in stage III-IV omeprazole was introduced. Our results proved that sucralfate + domperidone is curative on reflux oesophagitis in stage 0 cases. In stage I sucralfate and domperidone were effective in 3 of 9 cases, ranitidine + domperidone was optimal in 5 of 9, and omeprazole was required in 1 of 9 patients. In stage II, ranitidine + domperidone was effective only in 4 of 11 patients, and the initial therapy was modified to omeprazole in 7 of 11 patients to find the optimal drug in this stage. In stage III and IV only omeprazole showed curative effect and the doses required were 20 mg in 8 of 13 and 40 mg in 5 of 13 patients. The complaints improved in 34 of 40 patients after 6 weeks treatment, while histological healing of reflux oesophagitis was observed in 12 of 40 cases. After 3 months the endoscopic healing rate was 28/40, but histological healing could be reached after 6 months of optimal treatment in 30 of 40 cases. We can conclude, that the optimal drug selection may result a rapid improvement of complaints, but endoscopic and histological regeneration of the oesophageal mucosa is more graduated with time. The healing process of the reflux oesophagitis requires 3 months. Proton pump inhibitor drugs have an enhanced role in the treatment of gastrooesophageal reflux disease, and our results proved that the efficient and safety treatment of mild form (stage II) of disease requires the administration of proton pump inhibitors.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - May 3 1998|
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