Drinking motives mediate cultural differences but not gender differences in adolescent alcohol use

Emmanuel Kuntsche, Matthias Wicki, Béat Windlin, Chris Roberts, Saoirse Nic Gabhainn, Winfried Van Der Sluijs, Katrin Aasvee, Margarida Gaspar De Matos, Zuzana Dankulincová, Anne Hublet, Jorma Tynjälä, Raili Välimaa, Pernille Bendtsen, Alessio Vieno, Joanna Mazur, Judith Farkas, Zsolt Demetrovics

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose To test whether differences in alcohol use between boys and girls and between northern and southern/central Europe are mediated by social, enhancement, coping, and conformity motives. Methods Cross-sectional school-based surveys were conducted among 33,813 alcohol-using 11- to 19-year-olds from northern Europe (Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Ireland, Poland, Scotland, and Wales) and southern/central Europe (Belgium, Hungary, Italy, Portugal, Slovakia, and Switzerland). Results Particularly in late adolescence and early adulthood, boys drank more frequently and were more often drunk than girls. Instead of mediation, gender-specific motive paths were found; 14- to 16-year-old girls drank more because of higher levels of coping motives and lower levels of conformity motives, whereas 14- to 19-year-old boys drank more because of higher levels of social and enhancement motives. Geographical analyses confirmed that adolescents from southern/central European countries drank more frequently, but those from northern Europe reported being drunk more often. The strong indirect effects demonstrate that some of the cultural differences in drinking are because of higher levels of social, enhancement, and coping motives in northern than in southern/central Europe. Conclusions The results from the largest drinking motive study conducted to date suggest that gender-specific prevention should take differences in the motivational pathways toward (heavy) drinking into account, that is, positive reinforcement seems to be more important for boys and negative reinforcement for girls. Preventive action targeting social and enhancement motives and taking drinking circumstances into account could contribute to tackling underage drinking in northern Europe.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-329
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Volume56
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2015

Fingerprint

Drinking
Alcohols
Estonia
Slovakia
Portugal
Hungary
Belgium
Wales
Scotland
Poland
Denmark
Finland
Switzerland
Ireland
Italy
Underage Drinking
Reinforcement (Psychology)

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Alcohol use
  • Drinking motives
  • Europe
  • Gender
  • Mediation Cross-cultural study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Drinking motives mediate cultural differences but not gender differences in adolescent alcohol use. / Kuntsche, Emmanuel; Wicki, Matthias; Windlin, Béat; Roberts, Chris; Gabhainn, Saoirse Nic; Van Der Sluijs, Winfried; Aasvee, Katrin; Gaspar De Matos, Margarida; Dankulincová, Zuzana; Hublet, Anne; Tynjälä, Jorma; Välimaa, Raili; Bendtsen, Pernille; Vieno, Alessio; Mazur, Joanna; Farkas, Judith; Demetrovics, Zsolt.

In: Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol. 56, No. 3, 01.03.2015, p. 323-329.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kuntsche, E, Wicki, M, Windlin, B, Roberts, C, Gabhainn, SN, Van Der Sluijs, W, Aasvee, K, Gaspar De Matos, M, Dankulincová, Z, Hublet, A, Tynjälä, J, Välimaa, R, Bendtsen, P, Vieno, A, Mazur, J, Farkas, J & Demetrovics, Z 2015, 'Drinking motives mediate cultural differences but not gender differences in adolescent alcohol use', Journal of Adolescent Health, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 323-329. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2014.10.267
Kuntsche, Emmanuel ; Wicki, Matthias ; Windlin, Béat ; Roberts, Chris ; Gabhainn, Saoirse Nic ; Van Der Sluijs, Winfried ; Aasvee, Katrin ; Gaspar De Matos, Margarida ; Dankulincová, Zuzana ; Hublet, Anne ; Tynjälä, Jorma ; Välimaa, Raili ; Bendtsen, Pernille ; Vieno, Alessio ; Mazur, Joanna ; Farkas, Judith ; Demetrovics, Zsolt. / Drinking motives mediate cultural differences but not gender differences in adolescent alcohol use. In: Journal of Adolescent Health. 2015 ; Vol. 56, No. 3. pp. 323-329.
@article{f4696190f4e147b98c0417887e9bbaaf,
title = "Drinking motives mediate cultural differences but not gender differences in adolescent alcohol use",
abstract = "Purpose To test whether differences in alcohol use between boys and girls and between northern and southern/central Europe are mediated by social, enhancement, coping, and conformity motives. Methods Cross-sectional school-based surveys were conducted among 33,813 alcohol-using 11- to 19-year-olds from northern Europe (Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Ireland, Poland, Scotland, and Wales) and southern/central Europe (Belgium, Hungary, Italy, Portugal, Slovakia, and Switzerland). Results Particularly in late adolescence and early adulthood, boys drank more frequently and were more often drunk than girls. Instead of mediation, gender-specific motive paths were found; 14- to 16-year-old girls drank more because of higher levels of coping motives and lower levels of conformity motives, whereas 14- to 19-year-old boys drank more because of higher levels of social and enhancement motives. Geographical analyses confirmed that adolescents from southern/central European countries drank more frequently, but those from northern Europe reported being drunk more often. The strong indirect effects demonstrate that some of the cultural differences in drinking are because of higher levels of social, enhancement, and coping motives in northern than in southern/central Europe. Conclusions The results from the largest drinking motive study conducted to date suggest that gender-specific prevention should take differences in the motivational pathways toward (heavy) drinking into account, that is, positive reinforcement seems to be more important for boys and negative reinforcement for girls. Preventive action targeting social and enhancement motives and taking drinking circumstances into account could contribute to tackling underage drinking in northern Europe.",
keywords = "Adolescence, Alcohol use, Drinking motives, Europe, Gender, Mediation Cross-cultural study",
author = "Emmanuel Kuntsche and Matthias Wicki and B{\'e}at Windlin and Chris Roberts and Gabhainn, {Saoirse Nic} and {Van Der Sluijs}, Winfried and Katrin Aasvee and {Gaspar De Matos}, Margarida and Zuzana Dankulincov{\'a} and Anne Hublet and Jorma Tynj{\"a}l{\"a} and Raili V{\"a}limaa and Pernille Bendtsen and Alessio Vieno and Joanna Mazur and Judith Farkas and Zsolt Demetrovics",
year = "2015",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jadohealth.2014.10.267",
language = "English",
volume = "56",
pages = "323--329",
journal = "Journal of Adolescent Health",
issn = "1054-139X",
publisher = "Elsevier USA",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Drinking motives mediate cultural differences but not gender differences in adolescent alcohol use

AU - Kuntsche, Emmanuel

AU - Wicki, Matthias

AU - Windlin, Béat

AU - Roberts, Chris

AU - Gabhainn, Saoirse Nic

AU - Van Der Sluijs, Winfried

AU - Aasvee, Katrin

AU - Gaspar De Matos, Margarida

AU - Dankulincová, Zuzana

AU - Hublet, Anne

AU - Tynjälä, Jorma

AU - Välimaa, Raili

AU - Bendtsen, Pernille

AU - Vieno, Alessio

AU - Mazur, Joanna

AU - Farkas, Judith

AU - Demetrovics, Zsolt

PY - 2015/3/1

Y1 - 2015/3/1

N2 - Purpose To test whether differences in alcohol use between boys and girls and between northern and southern/central Europe are mediated by social, enhancement, coping, and conformity motives. Methods Cross-sectional school-based surveys were conducted among 33,813 alcohol-using 11- to 19-year-olds from northern Europe (Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Ireland, Poland, Scotland, and Wales) and southern/central Europe (Belgium, Hungary, Italy, Portugal, Slovakia, and Switzerland). Results Particularly in late adolescence and early adulthood, boys drank more frequently and were more often drunk than girls. Instead of mediation, gender-specific motive paths were found; 14- to 16-year-old girls drank more because of higher levels of coping motives and lower levels of conformity motives, whereas 14- to 19-year-old boys drank more because of higher levels of social and enhancement motives. Geographical analyses confirmed that adolescents from southern/central European countries drank more frequently, but those from northern Europe reported being drunk more often. The strong indirect effects demonstrate that some of the cultural differences in drinking are because of higher levels of social, enhancement, and coping motives in northern than in southern/central Europe. Conclusions The results from the largest drinking motive study conducted to date suggest that gender-specific prevention should take differences in the motivational pathways toward (heavy) drinking into account, that is, positive reinforcement seems to be more important for boys and negative reinforcement for girls. Preventive action targeting social and enhancement motives and taking drinking circumstances into account could contribute to tackling underage drinking in northern Europe.

AB - Purpose To test whether differences in alcohol use between boys and girls and between northern and southern/central Europe are mediated by social, enhancement, coping, and conformity motives. Methods Cross-sectional school-based surveys were conducted among 33,813 alcohol-using 11- to 19-year-olds from northern Europe (Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Ireland, Poland, Scotland, and Wales) and southern/central Europe (Belgium, Hungary, Italy, Portugal, Slovakia, and Switzerland). Results Particularly in late adolescence and early adulthood, boys drank more frequently and were more often drunk than girls. Instead of mediation, gender-specific motive paths were found; 14- to 16-year-old girls drank more because of higher levels of coping motives and lower levels of conformity motives, whereas 14- to 19-year-old boys drank more because of higher levels of social and enhancement motives. Geographical analyses confirmed that adolescents from southern/central European countries drank more frequently, but those from northern Europe reported being drunk more often. The strong indirect effects demonstrate that some of the cultural differences in drinking are because of higher levels of social, enhancement, and coping motives in northern than in southern/central Europe. Conclusions The results from the largest drinking motive study conducted to date suggest that gender-specific prevention should take differences in the motivational pathways toward (heavy) drinking into account, that is, positive reinforcement seems to be more important for boys and negative reinforcement for girls. Preventive action targeting social and enhancement motives and taking drinking circumstances into account could contribute to tackling underage drinking in northern Europe.

KW - Adolescence

KW - Alcohol use

KW - Drinking motives

KW - Europe

KW - Gender

KW - Mediation Cross-cultural study

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84924218220&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84924218220&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2014.10.267

DO - 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2014.10.267

M3 - Article

VL - 56

SP - 323

EP - 329

JO - Journal of Adolescent Health

JF - Journal of Adolescent Health

SN - 1054-139X

IS - 3

ER -