Drinking motives and links to alcohol use in 13 European countries

Emmanuel Kuntsche, Saoirse Nic Gabhainn, Chris Roberts, Béat Windlin, Alessio Vieno, Pernille Bendtsen, Anne Hublet, Jorma Tynjälä, Raili Välimaa, Zuzana Dankulincová, Katrin Aasvee, Z. Demetrovics, J. Farkas, Winfried van Der Sluijs, Margarida Gaspar de Matos, Joanna Mazur, Matthias Wicki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

72 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to test the structure and endorsement of drinking motives and their links to alcohol use among 11- to 19-year-olds from 13 European countries. Method: Confi rmatory factor analysis, latent growth curves, and multiple regression models were conducted, based on a sample of 33,813 alcohol-using students from Belgium, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Scotland, Slovakia, Switzerland, and Wales who completed the Drinking Motives Questionnaire Revised Short Form (DMQ-R SF). Results: The fi ndings confi rmed the hypothesized fourdimensional factor structure. Social motives for drinking were most frequently indicated, followed by enhancement, coping, and conformity motives, in that order, in all age groups in all countries except Finland. This rank order was clearest among older adolescents and those from northern European countries. The results confi rmed that, across countries, social motives were strongly positively related to drinking frequency, enhancement motives were strongly positively related to frequency of drunkenness, and conformity motives were negatively related to both alcohol outcomes. Against our expectations, social motives were more closely related to drunkenness than were coping motives, particularly among younger adolescents. Conclusions: The fi ndings reveal striking cross-cultural consistency. Health promotion efforts that are based on, or incorporate, drinking motives are likely to be applicable across Europe. As social motives were particularly closely linked to drunkenness among young adolescents, measures to impede the modeling of alcohol use and skills to resist peer pressure are particularly important in this age group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)428-437
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Volume75
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Drinking
Alcoholic Intoxication
alcohol
Alcohols
Finland
Age Groups
Estonia
Factor analysis
Slovakia
Portugal
Hungary
Belgium
Wales
Scotland
Poland
Denmark
Health Promotion
Switzerland
Ireland
conformity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Toxicology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Kuntsche, E., Gabhainn, S. N., Roberts, C., Windlin, B., Vieno, A., Bendtsen, P., ... Wicki, M. (2014). Drinking motives and links to alcohol use in 13 European countries. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 75(3), 428-437.

Drinking motives and links to alcohol use in 13 European countries. / Kuntsche, Emmanuel; Gabhainn, Saoirse Nic; Roberts, Chris; Windlin, Béat; Vieno, Alessio; Bendtsen, Pernille; Hublet, Anne; Tynjälä, Jorma; Välimaa, Raili; Dankulincová, Zuzana; Aasvee, Katrin; Demetrovics, Z.; Farkas, J.; van Der Sluijs, Winfried; de Matos, Margarida Gaspar; Mazur, Joanna; Wicki, Matthias.

In: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, Vol. 75, No. 3, 2014, p. 428-437.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kuntsche, E, Gabhainn, SN, Roberts, C, Windlin, B, Vieno, A, Bendtsen, P, Hublet, A, Tynjälä, J, Välimaa, R, Dankulincová, Z, Aasvee, K, Demetrovics, Z, Farkas, J, van Der Sluijs, W, de Matos, MG, Mazur, J & Wicki, M 2014, 'Drinking motives and links to alcohol use in 13 European countries', Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, vol. 75, no. 3, pp. 428-437.
Kuntsche E, Gabhainn SN, Roberts C, Windlin B, Vieno A, Bendtsen P et al. Drinking motives and links to alcohol use in 13 European countries. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. 2014;75(3):428-437.
Kuntsche, Emmanuel ; Gabhainn, Saoirse Nic ; Roberts, Chris ; Windlin, Béat ; Vieno, Alessio ; Bendtsen, Pernille ; Hublet, Anne ; Tynjälä, Jorma ; Välimaa, Raili ; Dankulincová, Zuzana ; Aasvee, Katrin ; Demetrovics, Z. ; Farkas, J. ; van Der Sluijs, Winfried ; de Matos, Margarida Gaspar ; Mazur, Joanna ; Wicki, Matthias. / Drinking motives and links to alcohol use in 13 European countries. In: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. 2014 ; Vol. 75, No. 3. pp. 428-437.
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AU - Windlin, Béat

AU - Vieno, Alessio

AU - Bendtsen, Pernille

AU - Hublet, Anne

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