Drinking motives among Spanish and Hungarian young adults: A cross-national study

Zsófia Németh, R. Urbán, Emmanuel Kuntsche, Emilio Moreno San Pedro, Jesús Gil Roales Nieto, J. Farkas, Lilla Futaki, Bernadette Kun, Barbara Mervó, Attila Oláh, Z. Demetrovics

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: To investigate differences and similarities in college students' drinking motives in Spain and in Hungary. Methods: A total of 550 Spanish (mean age 22.7, SD = 3.2) and 997 Hungarian (mean age 22.4, SD = 2.7) college students completed the Drinking Motive Questionnaire Revised Short Form (DMQ-R SF) and answered other alcohol-related questions. Data were analyzed by confirmatory factor analysis, t-test and structural equation modeling. Results: The DMQ-R SF demonstrated good psychometric properties in both countries. The rank order of the motives (social > enhancement > coping > conformity) was identical in the two countries. However, Hungarian students scored higher on enhancement, social and coping motives than Spanish students. In both the Hungarian and the Spanish population, enhancement motives were associated with drinking frequency and drunkenness, while coping motives were associated with alcohol-related problems. Among Spanish students, a significant relationship was found between alcohol-related problems and enhancement motives as well. Conclusion: Despite the substantial differences in the drinking culture of both countries, drinking motives showed overwhelming similarities (e.g. rank order of motives and the particular relationships between motives and alcohol outcomes). Only few differences (e.g. Hungarian college students indicated a higher level of motives) were found in cross-national comparison. Our results imply that programs targeting risky drinking motives are likely to be successfully adapted to different drinking cultures in Europe.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberagr019
Pages (from-to)261-269
Number of pages9
JournalAlcohol and Alcoholism
Volume46
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2011

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Drinking
Young Adult
Students
Alcohols
Alcoholic Intoxication
Hungary
Factor analysis
Psychometrics
Spain
Statistical Factor Analysis
Population
Surveys and Questionnaires
Alcohol Drinking in College

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Toxicology

Cite this

Drinking motives among Spanish and Hungarian young adults : A cross-national study. / Németh, Zsófia; Urbán, R.; Kuntsche, Emmanuel; Pedro, Emilio Moreno San; Nieto, Jesús Gil Roales; Farkas, J.; Futaki, Lilla; Kun, Bernadette; Mervó, Barbara; Oláh, Attila; Demetrovics, Z.

In: Alcohol and Alcoholism, Vol. 46, No. 3, agr019, 05.2011, p. 261-269.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Németh, Z, Urbán, R, Kuntsche, E, Pedro, EMS, Nieto, JGR, Farkas, J, Futaki, L, Kun, B, Mervó, B, Oláh, A & Demetrovics, Z 2011, 'Drinking motives among Spanish and Hungarian young adults: A cross-national study', Alcohol and Alcoholism, vol. 46, no. 3, agr019, pp. 261-269. https://doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agr019
Németh, Zsófia ; Urbán, R. ; Kuntsche, Emmanuel ; Pedro, Emilio Moreno San ; Nieto, Jesús Gil Roales ; Farkas, J. ; Futaki, Lilla ; Kun, Bernadette ; Mervó, Barbara ; Oláh, Attila ; Demetrovics, Z. / Drinking motives among Spanish and Hungarian young adults : A cross-national study. In: Alcohol and Alcoholism. 2011 ; Vol. 46, No. 3. pp. 261-269.
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