Down-regulation of murine B lymphocyte growth: arrest of B cells in G1 underlies immunosuppression induced by an IgM antibody

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Abstract

Previous studies have demonstrated that culture supernatants of LPS-stimulated murine splenic B lymphocytes (BLPSSN) are able to inhibit the growth of freshly isolated B cells via an IgM antibody. In this work we investigated the progress of LPS-activated B lymphocytes through the cell cycle in the presence of this antibody. We found that the regulatory IgM did not affect the entry of LPS-stimulated B lymphocytes into G0*, as assessed by the increased expression of I-A antigens. Events that characterize the early G1 phase (G1A), such as cell enlargement and increased RNA synthesis, also occurred in the presence of the antibody. In contrast, events which mark the G1B phase, such as further cell enlargement and late RNA synthesis were inhibited. Moreover, a significant portion of the cells failed to incorporate [3H]thymidine and did not progress through S, G2, or M, as revealed by their DNA content. Therefore, our work points toward a well-defined stage of the early G1 phase at which the antibody inhibits the progression of B lymphocyte activation. This result shows a new insight into the mechanism of antibody-mediated down-regulation of polyclonal B cell responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-261
Number of pages7
JournalImmunology letters
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1992

Keywords

  • Cell cycle
  • Flow cytometry
  • IgM antibody
  • Murine B cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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