Double-layer phenomena in electrochemistry

Controversial views on some fundamental notions related to electrified interfaces

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23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The problem of the distinction between the so-called free charge and the thermodynamic (total) charge of electrodes was discussed in the light of the relevant IUPAC definitions calling attention to the strict relationships existing between charge and mass balances during the formation of a double layer at electrodes or/and particles. It is demonstrated that the origins of controversial views concerning partial charge transfer and electrosorption valency, notions widely used nowadays in the electrochemical literature, could be ascribed to confusion of the free and thermodynamic charges. Although there are, even if sporadic, evidences and theoretical considerations in the literature proving that electrosorption valency as usually defined is an extrathermodynamic and self-contradictory concept, it is widely used by many authors for the interpretation of electrosorption phenomena. One of the most important aims of the present work was to demonstrate that independent of the thermodynamic considerations, the concept of electrosorption valency cannot be reconciled with elementary laws of electrochemistry. On the basis of analysis of real processes occurring in the interfacial layer of electrodes it was urged to avoid the treatment of some double-layer phenomena in terms of electrosorption valency in order to eliminate far-reaching misinterpretations leading to serious contradictions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Volume296
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2006

Fingerprint

Electrochemistry
electrochemistry
Thermodynamics
thermodynamics
Electrodes
electrodes
mass balance
confusion
Charge transfer
charge transfer

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Double layer
  • Electrosorption valency
  • Free charge
  • Thermodynamic charge

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

Cite this

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abstract = "The problem of the distinction between the so-called free charge and the thermodynamic (total) charge of electrodes was discussed in the light of the relevant IUPAC definitions calling attention to the strict relationships existing between charge and mass balances during the formation of a double layer at electrodes or/and particles. It is demonstrated that the origins of controversial views concerning partial charge transfer and electrosorption valency, notions widely used nowadays in the electrochemical literature, could be ascribed to confusion of the free and thermodynamic charges. Although there are, even if sporadic, evidences and theoretical considerations in the literature proving that electrosorption valency as usually defined is an extrathermodynamic and self-contradictory concept, it is widely used by many authors for the interpretation of electrosorption phenomena. One of the most important aims of the present work was to demonstrate that independent of the thermodynamic considerations, the concept of electrosorption valency cannot be reconciled with elementary laws of electrochemistry. On the basis of analysis of real processes occurring in the interfacial layer of electrodes it was urged to avoid the treatment of some double-layer phenomena in terms of electrosorption valency in order to eliminate far-reaching misinterpretations leading to serious contradictions.",
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AB - The problem of the distinction between the so-called free charge and the thermodynamic (total) charge of electrodes was discussed in the light of the relevant IUPAC definitions calling attention to the strict relationships existing between charge and mass balances during the formation of a double layer at electrodes or/and particles. It is demonstrated that the origins of controversial views concerning partial charge transfer and electrosorption valency, notions widely used nowadays in the electrochemical literature, could be ascribed to confusion of the free and thermodynamic charges. Although there are, even if sporadic, evidences and theoretical considerations in the literature proving that electrosorption valency as usually defined is an extrathermodynamic and self-contradictory concept, it is widely used by many authors for the interpretation of electrosorption phenomena. One of the most important aims of the present work was to demonstrate that independent of the thermodynamic considerations, the concept of electrosorption valency cannot be reconciled with elementary laws of electrochemistry. On the basis of analysis of real processes occurring in the interfacial layer of electrodes it was urged to avoid the treatment of some double-layer phenomena in terms of electrosorption valency in order to eliminate far-reaching misinterpretations leading to serious contradictions.

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