Depth-dose distributions for an electron beam are generally determined with either a stack irradiation geometry or a wedge (generally with an angle of about 50°-60°) made from an electrically-conducting material (such as, aluminium) or a non-conducting material (such as, PMMA). If the non- conducting wedge is thicker than the electron range, the stored charge in the material could influence the measured depth-dose distribution. This effect was investigated for 7-MeV electrons for PMMA with the wedge angle varying from 0°to 60°. The maximum-to-surface dose ratio was used as a characteristic parameter of the shape of the distribution. The depth-dose distribution measured by a dosimetry film placed inside the wedge-pair was similar to the standard shape when the wedge angle was larger than about 55°(dose ratio ~1.5). However, as the angle was decreased, this ratio sharply increased almost linearly up to about 15°, and then leveled off at about 3. We also studied, the effect of the surface dose on this dose ratio for the wedge angle of 0°, where we found that the ratio increased with the dose. Both of these effects can be explained by the presence of the electrostatic field around the dosimetry film due to stored charge in the non-conducting PMMA.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Radiation Physics and Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 1 1999|
|Event||Proceedings of the 1998 9th Tihany Symposium on Radiation Chemistry - Tata, Hung|
Duration: Aug 29 1998 → Sep 3 1998
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