Does the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire-self report yield invariant measurements across different nations? Data from the International Child Mental Health Study Group

D. Stevanovic, R. Urbán, O. Atilola, P. Vostanis, Y. P. Singh Balhara, M. Avicenna, H. Kandemir, R. Knez, T. Franic, P. Petrov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims. This study evaluated the measurement invariance of the strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ) self-report among adolescents from seven different nations. Methods. Data for 2367 adolescents, aged 13-18 years, from India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Serbia, Turkey, Bulgaria and Croatia were available for a series of factor analyses. Results. The five-factor model including original SDQ scales emotional symptoms, conduct problems, hyperactivity-inattention problems, peer problems and prosocial behaviour generated inadequate fit degree in all countries. A bifactor model with three factors (i.e., externalising, internalising and prosocial) and one general problem factor yielded adequate degree of fit in India, Nigeria, Turkey and Croatia. The prosocial behaviour, emotional symptoms and conduct problems factor were found to be common for all nations. However, originally proposed items loaded saliently on other factors besides the proposed ones or only some of them corresponded to proposed factors in all seven countries. Conclusions. Due to the lack of a common acceptable model across all countries, namely the same numbers of factors (i.e., dimensional invariance), it was not possible to perform the metric and scalar invariance test, what indicates that the SDQ self-report models tested lack appropriate measurement invariance across adolescents from these seven nations and it needs to be revised for cross-country comparisons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-334
Number of pages12
JournalEpidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 4 2015

Fingerprint

Self Report
Mental Health
Croatia
Nigeria
Turkey
India
Serbia
Bulgaria
Indonesia
Statistical Factor Analysis
Child Health
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • culture
  • invariance
  • psychopathology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Does the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire-self report yield invariant measurements across different nations? Data from the International Child Mental Health Study Group. / Stevanovic, D.; Urbán, R.; Atilola, O.; Vostanis, P.; Singh Balhara, Y. P.; Avicenna, M.; Kandemir, H.; Knez, R.; Franic, T.; Petrov, P.

In: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, Vol. 24, No. 4, 04.08.2015, p. 323-334.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stevanovic, D. ; Urbán, R. ; Atilola, O. ; Vostanis, P. ; Singh Balhara, Y. P. ; Avicenna, M. ; Kandemir, H. ; Knez, R. ; Franic, T. ; Petrov, P. / Does the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire-self report yield invariant measurements across different nations? Data from the International Child Mental Health Study Group. In: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences. 2015 ; Vol. 24, No. 4. pp. 323-334.
@article{d45d5d8e2a944869af52bb0eb5ea773a,
title = "Does the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire-self report yield invariant measurements across different nations? Data from the International Child Mental Health Study Group",
abstract = "Aims. This study evaluated the measurement invariance of the strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ) self-report among adolescents from seven different nations. Methods. Data for 2367 adolescents, aged 13-18 years, from India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Serbia, Turkey, Bulgaria and Croatia were available for a series of factor analyses. Results. The five-factor model including original SDQ scales emotional symptoms, conduct problems, hyperactivity-inattention problems, peer problems and prosocial behaviour generated inadequate fit degree in all countries. A bifactor model with three factors (i.e., externalising, internalising and prosocial) and one general problem factor yielded adequate degree of fit in India, Nigeria, Turkey and Croatia. The prosocial behaviour, emotional symptoms and conduct problems factor were found to be common for all nations. However, originally proposed items loaded saliently on other factors besides the proposed ones or only some of them corresponded to proposed factors in all seven countries. Conclusions. Due to the lack of a common acceptable model across all countries, namely the same numbers of factors (i.e., dimensional invariance), it was not possible to perform the metric and scalar invariance test, what indicates that the SDQ self-report models tested lack appropriate measurement invariance across adolescents from these seven nations and it needs to be revised for cross-country comparisons.",
keywords = "Adolescent, culture, invariance, psychopathology",
author = "D. Stevanovic and R. Urb{\'a}n and O. Atilola and P. Vostanis and {Singh Balhara}, {Y. P.} and M. Avicenna and H. Kandemir and R. Knez and T. Franic and P. Petrov",
year = "2015",
month = "8",
day = "4",
doi = "10.1017/S2045796014000201",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "323--334",
journal = "Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences",
issn = "2045-7960",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Does the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire-self report yield invariant measurements across different nations? Data from the International Child Mental Health Study Group

AU - Stevanovic, D.

AU - Urbán, R.

AU - Atilola, O.

AU - Vostanis, P.

AU - Singh Balhara, Y. P.

AU - Avicenna, M.

AU - Kandemir, H.

AU - Knez, R.

AU - Franic, T.

AU - Petrov, P.

PY - 2015/8/4

Y1 - 2015/8/4

N2 - Aims. This study evaluated the measurement invariance of the strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ) self-report among adolescents from seven different nations. Methods. Data for 2367 adolescents, aged 13-18 years, from India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Serbia, Turkey, Bulgaria and Croatia were available for a series of factor analyses. Results. The five-factor model including original SDQ scales emotional symptoms, conduct problems, hyperactivity-inattention problems, peer problems and prosocial behaviour generated inadequate fit degree in all countries. A bifactor model with three factors (i.e., externalising, internalising and prosocial) and one general problem factor yielded adequate degree of fit in India, Nigeria, Turkey and Croatia. The prosocial behaviour, emotional symptoms and conduct problems factor were found to be common for all nations. However, originally proposed items loaded saliently on other factors besides the proposed ones or only some of them corresponded to proposed factors in all seven countries. Conclusions. Due to the lack of a common acceptable model across all countries, namely the same numbers of factors (i.e., dimensional invariance), it was not possible to perform the metric and scalar invariance test, what indicates that the SDQ self-report models tested lack appropriate measurement invariance across adolescents from these seven nations and it needs to be revised for cross-country comparisons.

AB - Aims. This study evaluated the measurement invariance of the strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ) self-report among adolescents from seven different nations. Methods. Data for 2367 adolescents, aged 13-18 years, from India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Serbia, Turkey, Bulgaria and Croatia were available for a series of factor analyses. Results. The five-factor model including original SDQ scales emotional symptoms, conduct problems, hyperactivity-inattention problems, peer problems and prosocial behaviour generated inadequate fit degree in all countries. A bifactor model with three factors (i.e., externalising, internalising and prosocial) and one general problem factor yielded adequate degree of fit in India, Nigeria, Turkey and Croatia. The prosocial behaviour, emotional symptoms and conduct problems factor were found to be common for all nations. However, originally proposed items loaded saliently on other factors besides the proposed ones or only some of them corresponded to proposed factors in all seven countries. Conclusions. Due to the lack of a common acceptable model across all countries, namely the same numbers of factors (i.e., dimensional invariance), it was not possible to perform the metric and scalar invariance test, what indicates that the SDQ self-report models tested lack appropriate measurement invariance across adolescents from these seven nations and it needs to be revised for cross-country comparisons.

KW - Adolescent

KW - culture

KW - invariance

KW - psychopathology

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84942989939&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84942989939&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/S2045796014000201

DO - 10.1017/S2045796014000201

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84942989939

VL - 24

SP - 323

EP - 334

JO - Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences

JF - Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences

SN - 2045-7960

IS - 4

ER -