"Do you really need to smoke?": Smoking and psychosocial health among adolescents

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

A number of factors have emerged as being associated with adolescent smoking at different levels, namely, social (e.g., socioeconomic status, parental and peer smoking) and personal (e.g., depression, stress, self-esteem and other psychological variables). The main goal of the present study has been three-fold: 1. To investigate the psychological influences of adolescent smoking at social and personal level; 2. To detect the relationship between adolescent smoking and other health behavior variables; and 3. To investigate the role of smoking in adolescents' self-perceived health. The sample comprised 560 students (aged between 14-19 years) from 4 public high schools in Szeged (a major metropolitan center of the south eastern region). Self-administered questionnaire was used as a method of data collection. Results show that the frequency of smoking is relatively high among Hungarian high school students (58.7% of the whole sample, 61.6% of the boys and 54.9% of the girls). Future-orientedness and the satisfaction with life are protective factors against smoking, whereas hostility may also contribute a little to smoking. Based on factor analysis, smoking belongs to a precocious health behavior patterns but not to a drug user pattern. In relation to self-perceived health, among health behaviors, smoking plays a key role in adolescents' self-perceived health; smokers tend to report worse perception of their own health. These findings may contribute to a better understanding of adolescent smoking. More research is needed to understand the complexity of these interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Smoking and Health
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Pages567-582
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)9781606928653
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

Smoke
Smoking
Health Behavior
Health
Adolescent Health
Students
Psychology
Hostility
Drug Users
Self Concept
Social Class
Statistical Factor Analysis
Depression

Keywords

  • Hostility
  • Peer effect
  • Psychosocial health
  • Self-perceived health
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Pikó, B. (2011). "Do you really need to smoke?": Smoking and psychosocial health among adolescents. In Handbook of Smoking and Health (pp. 567-582). Nova Science Publishers, Inc..

"Do you really need to smoke?" : Smoking and psychosocial health among adolescents. / Pikó, B.

Handbook of Smoking and Health. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2011. p. 567-582.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Pikó, B 2011, "Do you really need to smoke?": Smoking and psychosocial health among adolescents. in Handbook of Smoking and Health. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., pp. 567-582.
Pikó B. "Do you really need to smoke?": Smoking and psychosocial health among adolescents. In Handbook of Smoking and Health. Nova Science Publishers, Inc. 2011. p. 567-582
Pikó, B. / "Do you really need to smoke?" : Smoking and psychosocial health among adolescents. Handbook of Smoking and Health. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2011. pp. 567-582
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