Do short-lived and long-lived alien plant species differ regarding the traits associated with their success in the introduced range?

Annamária Fenesi, Z. Botta-Dukát

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In spite of the several studies trying to identify the biological traits that are generally associated with the success of alien plant species, only a few traits are consistently shown to be important. Dividing the species into meaningful sub-categories may improve our ability to distinguish successful alien species. We asked whether there are differences between short-lived and long-lived herbaceous aliens regarding the biological traits associated with their success in their introduced range. We used the source-area approach to answer the question by performing a comparative study with those Central-European herbaceous plant species which are invasive or non-invasive aliens in the United States. Biological traits used in the analysis were extracted from European databases. The significant traits (with one exception) conferred invasiveness for only one of the two life history groups. These results outline a particular combination of competition and colonization in both groups, although achieved in different ways. Short-lived invasive species, which are supposed to be good colonizers with effective reproduction and dispersal, are backed by some kind of competitive ability conferred by height; while in the case of competitive and persistent long-lived species, the successful aliens are equipped with traits that make them better colonizers than other perennial alien species (e.g., tolerance for a wide range of anthropogenic disturbance, dispersal through water).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-623
Number of pages13
JournalBiological Invasions
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2010

Fingerprint

introduced plants
introduced species
invasiveness
competitive ability
invasive species
herb
comparative study
life history
colonization
tolerance
herbaceous plants
disturbance
anthropogenic activities
water
plant species
analysis

Keywords

  • Central Europe
  • Colonization
  • Competitive ability
  • Disturbance hypothesis
  • Life span
  • Naturalization-invasion continuum
  • Source-area approach

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology

Cite this

Do short-lived and long-lived alien plant species differ regarding the traits associated with their success in the introduced range? / Fenesi, Annamária; Botta-Dukát, Z.

In: Biological Invasions, Vol. 12, No. 3, 03.2010, p. 611-623.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{ceb4c2aba25046a99ba99e9bc36abbf9,
title = "Do short-lived and long-lived alien plant species differ regarding the traits associated with their success in the introduced range?",
abstract = "In spite of the several studies trying to identify the biological traits that are generally associated with the success of alien plant species, only a few traits are consistently shown to be important. Dividing the species into meaningful sub-categories may improve our ability to distinguish successful alien species. We asked whether there are differences between short-lived and long-lived herbaceous aliens regarding the biological traits associated with their success in their introduced range. We used the source-area approach to answer the question by performing a comparative study with those Central-European herbaceous plant species which are invasive or non-invasive aliens in the United States. Biological traits used in the analysis were extracted from European databases. The significant traits (with one exception) conferred invasiveness for only one of the two life history groups. These results outline a particular combination of competition and colonization in both groups, although achieved in different ways. Short-lived invasive species, which are supposed to be good colonizers with effective reproduction and dispersal, are backed by some kind of competitive ability conferred by height; while in the case of competitive and persistent long-lived species, the successful aliens are equipped with traits that make them better colonizers than other perennial alien species (e.g., tolerance for a wide range of anthropogenic disturbance, dispersal through water).",
keywords = "Central Europe, Colonization, Competitive ability, Disturbance hypothesis, Life span, Naturalization-invasion continuum, Source-area approach",
author = "Annam{\'a}ria Fenesi and Z. Botta-Duk{\'a}t",
year = "2010",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1007/s10530-009-9468-6",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "611--623",
journal = "Biological Invasions",
issn = "1387-3547",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Do short-lived and long-lived alien plant species differ regarding the traits associated with their success in the introduced range?

AU - Fenesi, Annamária

AU - Botta-Dukát, Z.

PY - 2010/3

Y1 - 2010/3

N2 - In spite of the several studies trying to identify the biological traits that are generally associated with the success of alien plant species, only a few traits are consistently shown to be important. Dividing the species into meaningful sub-categories may improve our ability to distinguish successful alien species. We asked whether there are differences between short-lived and long-lived herbaceous aliens regarding the biological traits associated with their success in their introduced range. We used the source-area approach to answer the question by performing a comparative study with those Central-European herbaceous plant species which are invasive or non-invasive aliens in the United States. Biological traits used in the analysis were extracted from European databases. The significant traits (with one exception) conferred invasiveness for only one of the two life history groups. These results outline a particular combination of competition and colonization in both groups, although achieved in different ways. Short-lived invasive species, which are supposed to be good colonizers with effective reproduction and dispersal, are backed by some kind of competitive ability conferred by height; while in the case of competitive and persistent long-lived species, the successful aliens are equipped with traits that make them better colonizers than other perennial alien species (e.g., tolerance for a wide range of anthropogenic disturbance, dispersal through water).

AB - In spite of the several studies trying to identify the biological traits that are generally associated with the success of alien plant species, only a few traits are consistently shown to be important. Dividing the species into meaningful sub-categories may improve our ability to distinguish successful alien species. We asked whether there are differences between short-lived and long-lived herbaceous aliens regarding the biological traits associated with their success in their introduced range. We used the source-area approach to answer the question by performing a comparative study with those Central-European herbaceous plant species which are invasive or non-invasive aliens in the United States. Biological traits used in the analysis were extracted from European databases. The significant traits (with one exception) conferred invasiveness for only one of the two life history groups. These results outline a particular combination of competition and colonization in both groups, although achieved in different ways. Short-lived invasive species, which are supposed to be good colonizers with effective reproduction and dispersal, are backed by some kind of competitive ability conferred by height; while in the case of competitive and persistent long-lived species, the successful aliens are equipped with traits that make them better colonizers than other perennial alien species (e.g., tolerance for a wide range of anthropogenic disturbance, dispersal through water).

KW - Central Europe

KW - Colonization

KW - Competitive ability

KW - Disturbance hypothesis

KW - Life span

KW - Naturalization-invasion continuum

KW - Source-area approach

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77952878937&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77952878937&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10530-009-9468-6

DO - 10.1007/s10530-009-9468-6

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:77952878937

VL - 12

SP - 611

EP - 623

JO - Biological Invasions

JF - Biological Invasions

SN - 1387-3547

IS - 3

ER -