Diversity, seasonal abundance and potential vector status of the cave-dwelling mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in the bakony-balaton region

Attila Trájer, Judit Schoffhauzer, J. Padisák

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Caves are one of the potential natural shelters of overwintering mosquitoes. The aim of this study was to explore the diversity, seasonal abundance, gender ratio and the vector status of mosquito imagoes collected from 19 caves if the Bakony-Balaton Region, Hungary, based on data of a monograph covering nearly 30 years of sample collections. Culex pipiens pipiens and Culiseta annulata were the most abundant trogloxene mosquitoes; Anopheles maculipennis, Anopheles messeae, Culex hortensis, Culex pipiens molestus and Culex territans were also collected in caves from July to April. The total mosquito number showed an approximately continuous increasing trend from July to November and a decreasing trend from December to April. Most of the mosquito specimens were collected in autumn and winter. Culex pipiens pipiens individuals were present in the caves from August to April. Male mosquitoes were collected only in the second half of the year, while female individuals – both in the first and the second half of the year. Both the relative abundance of males and females exhibited an increasing trend between August and November. The infected Culex pipiens pipiens mosquitoes, which start their diapause in the autumn, can be the potential vectors of the West Nile virus during the next year. It can be concluded that caves are important habitats of mosquitoes that are vectors of non-human pathogens in Hungary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-258
Number of pages12
JournalActa Zoologica Bulgarica
Volume70
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

mosquito
caves
cave
Culicidae
Culex pipiens pipiens
Hungary
Anopheles messeae
Culex territans
Anopheles maculipennis
Culex pipiens form molestus
autumn
Culiseta
West Nile virus
Culex
dwelling
diapause
imagos
overwintering
shelter
relative abundance

Keywords

  • Diapause
  • Overwintering
  • Trogloxene mosquitoes
  • West Nile virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Insect Science

Cite this

Diversity, seasonal abundance and potential vector status of the cave-dwelling mosquitoes (Diptera : Culicidae) in the bakony-balaton region. / Trájer, Attila; Schoffhauzer, Judit; Padisák, J.

In: Acta Zoologica Bulgarica, Vol. 70, No. 2, 01.01.2018, p. 247-258.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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