Diverse effect of BMP-2 homodimer on mesenchymal progenitors of different origin

Edit Hrubi, László Imre, Agnieszka Robaszkiewicz, László Virág, Farkas Kerényi, Krisztina Nagy, Gábor Varga, Attila Jenei, Csaba Hegedüs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)


Bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2), is a potential factor to enhance osseointegration of dental implants. However, the appropriate cellular system to investigate the osteogenic effect of BMP-2 in vitro in a standardized manner still needs to be defined. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of BMP-2 on the cell proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of human osteogenic progenitors of various origins: dental pulp stem cells (DPSC), human osteosarcoma cell line (Saos-2) and human embryonic palatal mesenchymal cell line (HEPM). For induction of osteogenic differentiation, cell culture medium was supplemented with BMP-2 homodimer alone or in combination with conventionally used differentiation inducing agents. Differentiation was monitored for 6–18 days. To assess differentiation, proliferation rate, alkaline phosphatase activity, calcium deposition and the expression level of osteogenic differentiation marker genes (Runx2, BMP-2) were measured. BMP-2 inhibited cell proliferation in a concentration and time-dependent manner. In a concentration which caused maximal cell proliferation, BMP-2 did not induce osteogenic differentiation in any of the tested systems. However, it had a synergistic effect with the osteoinductive medium in both DPSC and Saos-2, but not in HEPM cells. We also found that the differentiation process was faster in Saos-2 than in DPSCs. Osteogenic differentiation could not be induced in the osteoblast progenitor HEPM cells. Our data suggest that in a concentration that inhibits proliferation the differentiation inducing effect of BMP-2 is evident only in the presence of permissive osteoinductive components. β-glycerophosphate, was identified interacting with BMP-2 in a synergistic manner.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-148
Number of pages10
JournalHuman Cell
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2018


  • Alizarin red
  • Alkaline phosphatase
  • Growth factor
  • Osteogenic differentiation
  • Stem cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Diverse effect of BMP-2 homodimer on mesenchymal progenitors of different origin'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this