Diterpenoids from Euphorbia dulcis with Potassium Ion Channel Inhibitory Activity with Selective G Protein-Activated Inwardly Rectifying Ion Channel (GIRK) Blocking Effect

Norbert Kúsz, Péter Orvos, Laura Bereczki, Pierre Fertey, P. Bombicz, Attila Csorba, László Tálosi, Gusztáv Jakab, J. Hohmann, D. Rédei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nine new (1-9) and two known (10, 11) jatrophane diterpenoids were isolated from the methanol extract of Euphorbia dulcis. The structure elucidation of the compounds was performed by means of extensive spectroscopic analysis, including HRESIMS, 1D (1H, JMOD), and 2D (HSQC, HMBC, 1H-1H-COSY, NOESY) NMR experiments. The absolute configuration of compound 1 was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The electrophysiological effects of compounds 1-11 and the five diterpenoids (12-16) previously isolated from Euphorbia taurinensis were investigated on stable transfected HEK-GIRK1/4 (Kir3.1/3.4) and HEK-hERG (Kv11.1) cell lines using automated patch-clamp equipment. The majority of the diterpenoids showed significant blocking activity on GIRK channels (60.8-88.7% at 10 μM), while compounds 1, 2, 9-11, 13, and 14 exerted notable inhibitory effects even at 1 μM concentration. None of the jatrophane diterpenoids interfered with the function of hERG proteins; however, compound 14 remarkably hampered K+ flow through hERG channels. These selective activities suggest that jatrophane diterpenoids may represent a group of potential lead compounds for the development of novel therapeutic agents against atrial fibrillation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2483-2492
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Natural Products
Volume81
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 26 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Complementary and alternative medicine
  • Organic Chemistry

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