The aim of the present study was to clarify the influence of obesity on the functions of low-density lipoprotein receptors (LDL-R) and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutarate-coenyzme A (HMG-CoA) reductase both in healthy control subjects and in patients with hypercholesterolemia (HC). Experiments were performed on monocytes of 15 non-obese (C I) and 11 obese (C II) healthy control subjects and on 22 non-obese (HC I) and 26 obese (HC II) patients with HC. [(125)I]LDL was used to determine LDL-R activity by measuring binding and intracellular degradation. The rate of endogenous cholesterol synthesis was measured using [(14)C]acetate incorporation into the cholesterol fraction of monocytes. The binding ability of [(125)I]LDL was identical across all groups. The [(14)C]acetate incorporation in resting monocytes was increased only in obese HC group. The 50-microg/mL LDL protein-induced inhibition of [(14)C]acetate incorporation was significantly diminished (P <.001) in the same group. A strong positive correlation was detected between the [(14)C]acetate incorporation by resting cells and LDL-induced inhibition in all groups except the obese HC group, in which their correlation was negative (P <.001). Furthermore, in the obese HC group, a significant positive correlation was detected between body mass index (BMI) and the basal level of [(14)C]acetate incorporation, whereas a negative correlation was found between BMI and LDL-induced inhibition of [(14)C]acetate incorporation. The present data suggest that in patients with HC the concomitant obesity results in dysregulation of cholesterol homeostasis, which may contribute to the accelerated atherosclerosis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism