Distribution of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) in the rat brain stem nuclei

Lee E. Eiden, Gajanan Nilaver, Miklós Palkovits

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

78 Citations (Scopus)


The distribution of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) in the individual nuclei of the rat brain stem was examined. Highest VIP concentrations in brain stem (> 1 ng/mg protein) are confined to dorsal regions, including periaqueductal gray and structures under the fourth ventricle. VIP concentrations are moderately high (0.8-1 ng/mg protein) in gracile nucleus, area postrema, nucleus of the solitary tract, motor nucleus of the XIIth, locus ceruleus and dorsal tegmental nucleus. Cerebellum and pontine nuclei contained only very low levels (< 0.2 ng/mg protein) of VIP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)472-477
Number of pages6
JournalBrain research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 14 1982


  • brain stem
  • vasoactive intestinal polypeptide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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