Distribution of prenatal and postnatal risk factors for sudden infant death in Budapest

K. Töro, P. Sótónyi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective - To study the distribution of prenatal and postnatal risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Design - A questionnaire-based survey for SIDS risk factors; family interviews were performed among the parents of SIDS victims and symptom-free infants. Setting - The survey was conducted in paediatric primary health care units in Budapest, Hungary in the period 1996 to 1998. Subject - Eighteen SIDS cases and 74 symptom-free healthy infants aged 7-365 days were investigated. Main outcome measures - Occurrence of risk factors and impact of social environment were analysed using conditional logistic regression. Results - In this study, the classic risk factors of small birth weight, maternal smoking, bottle-feeding did not reflect differences between the investigated groups. The prone position did not demonstrate a difference between SIDS cases and controls (p = 0.86). Short intervals between pregnancies (OR = 4.8, CI = 1.2-19.9, p = 0.025) and social disadvantage (OR = 6.7, CI = 1.3-35.7, p = 0.015) indicated significant differences between SIDS cases and controls. Conclusion - The outcome of our survey shows that infants from a lower social and economic environment may be at higher risk for SIDS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)178-180
Number of pages3
JournalScandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Fingerprint

Sudden Infant Death
Social Environment
Bottle Feeding
Birth Intervals
Prone Position
Hungary
Birth Weight
Primary Health Care
Parents
Logistic Models
Smoking
Economics
Mothers
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Interviews
Pediatrics
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Questionnaire-based survey
  • Risk factors
  • Social disadvantages
  • Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Distribution of prenatal and postnatal risk factors for sudden infant death in Budapest. / Töro, K.; Sótónyi, P.

In: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, Vol. 19, No. 3, 2001, p. 178-180.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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