Arachis hypogaea (PNA) lectin, specific for Gal-B-1, 3-GalNac disaccharide and Wheat germ (WGA) lectin, specific for (GlcNac) and terminal neuraminic acid were used to identify histiocytic giant cells, osteoclast like giant cells and osteoclasts. PNA lectin, without neuraminidase predigestion was not bound by the giant cells, while they showed a strong reaction with WGA lectin. Neuraminidase pretreatment decreased WGA lectin binding, which supports that neuraminic acid plays a role in the binding of WGA. On the other hand, neuraminidase digestion liberated large amounts of PNA binding sites in every type of giant cells examined, showing a strong, intracytoplasmic granular staining. This observation is indicative of presence of PNA binding sites masked by neuraminic acid. Instead of the intracytoplasmic PNA binding in some osteoclasts a well defined part of the cytomembrane was havily stained. We suppose that this PNA binding part of cytomembrane equals to the zone of resorption, characterized by the ruffled border of osteoclasts. Our findings indicate that a neuraminic acid substituted PNA binding glycoprotein is synthetized both in osteoclasts and histiocytic giant cells which may indicate a common origin of these cell types.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)