Distribution of deramciclane (EGIS-3886) in rat brain regions

K. Magyar, J. Lengyel, I. Klebovich, I. Ürmös, G. Grézal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The time related distribution and pharmacokinetics of double-labelled EGIS-3886 (EGIS-3886-phenyl-14C and -ethyl-3H) were studied in the plasma, hypophysis and 14 cerebral regions, including the spinal cord of the rat after a single oral treatment (acute experiments) and after repeated administration of one dose daily for six days (subacute experiments). The tissue levels of EGIS-3886 (deramciclane) were calculated from the simultaneously determined dpm values and the specific activities of the two radioisomers present in the dose administered. EGIS-3886 was rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract (t(max) = 1.0 h). The concentration-time curves in the tissues can be described by a two compartment open model. The 3H-activity could be measured during the whole period of the acute experiment (96 h), whereas 14C-radioactivity fell below the detection limit within 24 h. The AUC0-96 values for 3H were 10 to 15 times higher than that for 14C. In all samples examined, on the concentration time curves a peak characteristic of enterohepatic cycle can be seen at 12 h. The studies indicated that intact molecules entered brain tissues from the circulation. The results of the subacute experiments indicate that the 14C-labelled EGIS-3886, or its metabolite(s) carrying the tracer, reach an equilibrium as early as on the second to third day, whilst the level of 3H-radioactivity continually increases during the six days of repeated administration. In the subacute experiments the peak concentrations were reached at 0.5 h after the final treatment. However, their values for 3H were higher than in acute experiments. The last tendency was not observed in the case of 14C-tracer. The AUC values of 3H-labelled EGIS-3886 determined in subacute experiments predominated over 14C; the ratios were 50 to 60 in all brain regions. The enterohepatic cycle, seen after a single dose, also operated after repeated dosage. The time related concentrations of EGIS-3886 in the hypophysis were at least two times higher than that in the plasma and the brain tissues. No significant difference was seen in the concentrations of EGIS-3886 in the symmetrical (left and right) regions of the brain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-131
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
Volume23
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1998

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Brain
Pituitary Gland
Radioactivity
deramciclane
Area Under Curve
Limit of Detection
Gastrointestinal Tract
Spinal Cord
Pharmacokinetics

Keywords

  • Brain regions
  • Deramciclane
  • Distribution
  • Pharmacokinetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

Cite this

Distribution of deramciclane (EGIS-3886) in rat brain regions. / Magyar, K.; Lengyel, J.; Klebovich, I.; Ürmös, I.; Grézal, G.

In: European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, Vol. 23, No. 2, 1998, p. 125-131.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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