Distinct Dynamics of Mitotic Transition in B-Cell Lymphoma and Reactive B-Cell Lymphoproliferations Determined by H3S10 Phosphohistone Immunolabeling

Gábor Méhes, Katalin Hegyi, Ravi Jobanputra, Lívia Beke, G. Vereb, Judit Bedekovics

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Objectives: Clonal selection in the follicular germinal centers in lymphatic tissues is accompanied by an intense proliferation of polyclonal B cells in a precisely regulated fashion. In contrast, B-cell neoplasias proliferate autonomously due to endogenous stimuli. The cell kinetic activity is obvious at many levels including progressive chromatin modification and elevated mitotic rates. We asked if there are differences in the kinetics of histone H3S10 phosphorylation required for mitotic entry between highly proliferating B cells of reactive germinal centers and in B-cell lymphomas with different proliferative capacity. Material and Methods: Phospho-H3 histone (pH3S10)-specific immunohistochemistry was applied to cultivated cell, reactive and selected indolent and aggressive lymphoma samples (diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, Burkitt lymphoma, lymphoblastic lymphoma, follicular lymphoma and small lymphocytic lymphoma). Microscopic quantification of the "dot-type" (representing late G2 phase) and "mitotic" immunolabeling patterns per field of view was performed and compared with classical cell proliferation markers. Results: In addition to the dense homogeneous chromatin labeling highlighting mitotic figures, we stated a selective dot-type nuclear labeling representing ongoing chromatin condensation in premitotic G2 phase cells. While cell proliferation and mitotic counts correlated in general with histology, statistical analysis indicated an accumulation of G2 phase pH3S10 pattern in the reactive germinal centers in contrast to lymphomas. The dot-type G2 staining pattern was surprisingly overrepresented (1,321.7 ± 356.5/10 HPF) in the reactive germinal centers compared to aggressive lymphomas (101.3 ± 33.1) (p < 0.005). The relative G2/M value was significantly higher (4.6 ± 0.6) in reactive germinal center B cells than in any lymphoma entity evaluated (0.7 ± 0.2 in Burkitt lymphoma, 0.9 ± 0.4 in grade 3b follicular lymphoma, 1.3 ± 1.1 in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, 1.5 ± 0.6 in lymphoblastic lymphoma, and 0.9 ± 0.2 in small lymphocytic lymphoma). Conclusions: pH3S10 immunohistochemistry enabled the presentation of significant differences in the cell cycle kinetics between reactive and neoplastic B-cell lymphoproliferations. Accumulation of G2 phase B cells in reactive folliculi directs to physiological G2/M checkpoint blockade. In contrast, accelerated G2/M transition in lymphomas is potentially associated with impaired genomic repair and cell death mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-250
Number of pages8
JournalPathobiology
Volume84
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2017

Keywords

  • Cell cycle
  • Cell proliferation
  • Chromatin
  • Lymphoma
  • Mitosis
  • Modification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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