Disordered Regions of Mixed Lineage Leukemia 4 (MLL4) Protein Are Capable of RNA Binding

Beáta Szabó, Nikoletta Murvai, Rawan Abukhairan, Éva Schád, J. Kardos, Bálint Szeder, L. Buday, Ágnes Tantos

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Abstract

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as important regulators of cellular processes and are extensively involved in the development of different cancers; including leukemias. As one of the accepted methods of lncRNA function is affecting chromatin structure; lncRNA binding has been shown for different chromatin modifiers. Histone lysine methyltransferases (HKMTs) are also subject of lncRNA regulation as demonstrated for example in the case of Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2). Mixed Lineage Leukemia (MLL) proteins that catalyze the methylation of H3K4 have been implicated in several different cancers; yet many details of their regulation and targeting remain elusive. In this work we explored the RNA binding capability of two; so far uncharacterized regions of MLL4; with the aim of shedding light to the existence of possible regulatory lncRNA interactions of the protein. We demonstrated that both regions; one that contains a predicted RNA binding sequence and one that does not; are capable of binding to different RNA constructs in vitro. To our knowledge, these findings are the first to indicate that an MLL protein itself is capable of lncRNA binding.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume19
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 5 2018

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Keywords

  • histone lysine methyltransferase
  • HOTAIR
  • intrinsically disordered protein
  • leukemia
  • lncRNA
  • MEG3
  • MLL proteins
  • MLL4
  • RNA binding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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