Discriminative Characteristics of Marginalised Novel Psychoactive Users: a Transnational Study

Katalin Felvinczi, Annemieke Benschop, Róbert Urbán, Marie Claire Van Hout, Katarzyna Dąbrowska, Evelyn Hearne, Susana Henriques, Zsuzsa Kaló, Gerrit Kamphausen, Joana Paula Silva, Łukasz Wieczorek, Bernd Werse, Michal Bujalski, Zsolt Demetrovics, Dirk Korf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

New psychoactive substances (NPS) continue to be considered as a major public health concern in many European countries. The study was implemented within the framework of a transnational project of six European countries (Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal). Our aim here is to report on the distinct and differentiating characteristics of marginalised NPS users. Three subgroups of a total of 3023 adult NPS users (socially marginalised, night life, online community) were examined regarding their socio-demographic characteristics, substance use, and external motives towards NPS use. Poland and Hungary reported higher rates of NPS use in comparison to traditional controlled drugs. The external/contextual motives did not play a central role in the background of NPS use, the least important motives were alleged legality and non-detectability of these substances. Marginalised (defined as those accessing low threshold harm reduction services) users’ substance use patterns are different from the other two groups in terms of showing more intense and riskier drug use. The most important variables which contributed to be categorised as a marginalised NPS user were lower level education, being older, having an unfavourable labour market position and using drugs intravenously. Contextual motives did not play a decisive role in being categorised as a marginalised user when drug use pattern was controlled. These identified discriminative features of marginalised drug users should inform policy makers to develop and implement tailor-made interventions targeting this user group to successfully tackle the elevated public health concerns associated with NPS use.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Hungary
Poland
Drug Users
Public Health
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Harm Reduction
Portugal
Administrative Personnel
Ireland
Netherlands
Germany
Demography
Education

Keywords

  • Contextual motivation
  • Drug policy
  • NPS use
  • Public health concern
  • User groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Discriminative Characteristics of Marginalised Novel Psychoactive Users : a Transnational Study. / Felvinczi, Katalin; Benschop, Annemieke; Urbán, Róbert; Van Hout, Marie Claire; Dąbrowska, Katarzyna; Hearne, Evelyn; Henriques, Susana; Kaló, Zsuzsa; Kamphausen, Gerrit; Silva, Joana Paula; Wieczorek, Łukasz; Werse, Bernd; Bujalski, Michal; Demetrovics, Zsolt; Korf, Dirk.

In: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Felvinczi, K, Benschop, A, Urbán, R, Van Hout, MC, Dąbrowska, K, Hearne, E, Henriques, S, Kaló, Z, Kamphausen, G, Silva, JP, Wieczorek, Ł, Werse, B, Bujalski, M, Demetrovics, Z & Korf, D 2019, 'Discriminative Characteristics of Marginalised Novel Psychoactive Users: a Transnational Study', International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-019-00128-8
Felvinczi, Katalin ; Benschop, Annemieke ; Urbán, Róbert ; Van Hout, Marie Claire ; Dąbrowska, Katarzyna ; Hearne, Evelyn ; Henriques, Susana ; Kaló, Zsuzsa ; Kamphausen, Gerrit ; Silva, Joana Paula ; Wieczorek, Łukasz ; Werse, Bernd ; Bujalski, Michal ; Demetrovics, Zsolt ; Korf, Dirk. / Discriminative Characteristics of Marginalised Novel Psychoactive Users : a Transnational Study. In: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. 2019.
@article{8a1617294f064cd1b84f76f7a2ca74e1,
title = "Discriminative Characteristics of Marginalised Novel Psychoactive Users: a Transnational Study",
abstract = "New psychoactive substances (NPS) continue to be considered as a major public health concern in many European countries. The study was implemented within the framework of a transnational project of six European countries (Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal). Our aim here is to report on the distinct and differentiating characteristics of marginalised NPS users. Three subgroups of a total of 3023 adult NPS users (socially marginalised, night life, online community) were examined regarding their socio-demographic characteristics, substance use, and external motives towards NPS use. Poland and Hungary reported higher rates of NPS use in comparison to traditional controlled drugs. The external/contextual motives did not play a central role in the background of NPS use, the least important motives were alleged legality and non-detectability of these substances. Marginalised (defined as those accessing low threshold harm reduction services) users’ substance use patterns are different from the other two groups in terms of showing more intense and riskier drug use. The most important variables which contributed to be categorised as a marginalised NPS user were lower level education, being older, having an unfavourable labour market position and using drugs intravenously. Contextual motives did not play a decisive role in being categorised as a marginalised user when drug use pattern was controlled. These identified discriminative features of marginalised drug users should inform policy makers to develop and implement tailor-made interventions targeting this user group to successfully tackle the elevated public health concerns associated with NPS use.",
keywords = "Contextual motivation, Drug policy, NPS use, Public health concern, User groups",
author = "Katalin Felvinczi and Annemieke Benschop and R{\'o}bert Urb{\'a}n and {Van Hout}, {Marie Claire} and Katarzyna Dąbrowska and Evelyn Hearne and Susana Henriques and Zsuzsa Kal{\'o} and Gerrit Kamphausen and Silva, {Joana Paula} and Łukasz Wieczorek and Bernd Werse and Michal Bujalski and Zsolt Demetrovics and Dirk Korf",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s11469-019-00128-8",
language = "English",
journal = "International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction",
issn = "1557-1874",
publisher = "Springer New York",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Discriminative Characteristics of Marginalised Novel Psychoactive Users

T2 - a Transnational Study

AU - Felvinczi, Katalin

AU - Benschop, Annemieke

AU - Urbán, Róbert

AU - Van Hout, Marie Claire

AU - Dąbrowska, Katarzyna

AU - Hearne, Evelyn

AU - Henriques, Susana

AU - Kaló, Zsuzsa

AU - Kamphausen, Gerrit

AU - Silva, Joana Paula

AU - Wieczorek, Łukasz

AU - Werse, Bernd

AU - Bujalski, Michal

AU - Demetrovics, Zsolt

AU - Korf, Dirk

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - New psychoactive substances (NPS) continue to be considered as a major public health concern in many European countries. The study was implemented within the framework of a transnational project of six European countries (Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal). Our aim here is to report on the distinct and differentiating characteristics of marginalised NPS users. Three subgroups of a total of 3023 adult NPS users (socially marginalised, night life, online community) were examined regarding their socio-demographic characteristics, substance use, and external motives towards NPS use. Poland and Hungary reported higher rates of NPS use in comparison to traditional controlled drugs. The external/contextual motives did not play a central role in the background of NPS use, the least important motives were alleged legality and non-detectability of these substances. Marginalised (defined as those accessing low threshold harm reduction services) users’ substance use patterns are different from the other two groups in terms of showing more intense and riskier drug use. The most important variables which contributed to be categorised as a marginalised NPS user were lower level education, being older, having an unfavourable labour market position and using drugs intravenously. Contextual motives did not play a decisive role in being categorised as a marginalised user when drug use pattern was controlled. These identified discriminative features of marginalised drug users should inform policy makers to develop and implement tailor-made interventions targeting this user group to successfully tackle the elevated public health concerns associated with NPS use.

AB - New psychoactive substances (NPS) continue to be considered as a major public health concern in many European countries. The study was implemented within the framework of a transnational project of six European countries (Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal). Our aim here is to report on the distinct and differentiating characteristics of marginalised NPS users. Three subgroups of a total of 3023 adult NPS users (socially marginalised, night life, online community) were examined regarding their socio-demographic characteristics, substance use, and external motives towards NPS use. Poland and Hungary reported higher rates of NPS use in comparison to traditional controlled drugs. The external/contextual motives did not play a central role in the background of NPS use, the least important motives were alleged legality and non-detectability of these substances. Marginalised (defined as those accessing low threshold harm reduction services) users’ substance use patterns are different from the other two groups in terms of showing more intense and riskier drug use. The most important variables which contributed to be categorised as a marginalised NPS user were lower level education, being older, having an unfavourable labour market position and using drugs intravenously. Contextual motives did not play a decisive role in being categorised as a marginalised user when drug use pattern was controlled. These identified discriminative features of marginalised drug users should inform policy makers to develop and implement tailor-made interventions targeting this user group to successfully tackle the elevated public health concerns associated with NPS use.

KW - Contextual motivation

KW - Drug policy

KW - NPS use

KW - Public health concern

KW - User groups

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85074829965&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85074829965&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11469-019-00128-8

DO - 10.1007/s11469-019-00128-8

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85074829965

JO - International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction

JF - International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction

SN - 1557-1874

ER -