Under broad conditions, evolutions due to two different Hamiltonians are shown to lead at some moment to orthogonal states. For two spin- 1 2 systems subject to precession by different magnetic fields the achievement of orthogonalization is demonstrated for every scenario but a special one. This discrimination between evolutions is experimentally much simpler than procedures proposed earlier based on either sequential or parallel application of the unknown unitaries. A lower bound for the orthogonalization time is proposed in terms of the properties of the two Hamiltonians.
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 17 2007|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics