Discrete and nonlocal models of Engesser and Haringx elastica

Attila Kocsis, Noël Challamel, György Károlyi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, a generalized discrete elastica including both bending and shear elastic interactions is developed and its possible link with nonlocal beam continua is revealed. This lattice system can be viewed as the generalization of the Hencky bar-chain model, which can be retrieved in the case of infinite shear stiffness. The shear contribution in the discrete elastica is introduced by following the approach of Engesser (normal and shear forces are aligned with and perpendicular to the link axis, respectively) and that of Haringx (shear force is parallel to end section of links), both supported by physical arguments. The nonlinear analysis of the shearable-bendable discrete elastica under axial load is accomplished. Buckling and post-buckling of the lattice systems are analyzed in a geometrically exact framework. The buckling loads of both the discrete Engesser and Haringx elastica are analytically calculated, and the post-buckling behavior is numerically studied for large displacement. Nonlocal Timoshenko-type beam models, including both bending and shear stiffness, are then built from the continualization of the discrete systems. Analytical solutions for the fundamental buckling loads of the nonlocal Engesser and Haringx elastica models are given, and their first post-buckling paths are numerically computed and compared to those of the discrete Engesser and Haringx elastica. It is shown that the nonlocal Timoshenko-type beam models efficiently capture the scale effects associated with the shearable-bendable discrete elastica.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)571-585
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Mechanical Sciences
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017


  • Bifurcation
  • Buckling
  • Discrete elastica
  • Finite difference methods
  • Lattice
  • Nonlocal beam mechanics
  • Post-buckling
  • Scale effect
  • Shear effect
  • Timoshenko beam elements

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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