Discovery of the spectroscopic binary nature of the Cepheids X Puppis and XX Sagittarii

László Szabados, Aliz Derekas, Csaba Kiss, Péter Klagyivik

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the analysis of photometric and spectroscopic data of two bright Galactic Cepheids, X Puppis and XX Sagittarii. Based on the available data in the literature as well as our own observations spanning 75 years, we conclude that both Cepheids belong to spectroscopic binary systems. However, the data are not sufficient to determine the orbital periods or other elements for the orbit. This discovery corroborates statements on the high frequency of occurrence of binaries among classical Cepheids, a fact to be taken into account when calibrating the period-luminosity relationship for Cepheids. The photometric data revealed that the pulsation period of X Pup is continuously increasing by ΔP = 0.007559dcentury -1, likely caused by stellar evolution. The pulsation period of XX Sgr turned out to be very stable over the last ∼100 years.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3154-3159
Number of pages6
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume426
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 11 2012

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Keywords

  • Binaries: spectroscopic
  • Stars: variables: Cepheids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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