The knowledge about the activity of polyacetylenes was extended by their new acetylcholinesterase inhibition and antibacterial activity against plant pathogenic bacteria. For this discovery, an utmost streamlined workflow, which we consider to be of high potential in the field of natural product or superfood search was developed. It demonstrates the combined power of biological, biochemical and chemical fingerprints. Bioactive components of tansy (Tanacetum vulgare L.) root extract were profiled and identified by high-performance thin-layer chromatography hyphenated with in situ effect-directed analysis, chemical derivatizations and high-resolution mass spectrometry (HPTLC-UV/Vis/FLD-EDA-HRMS). The effect-directed profiling was performed using four bacterial bioassays including two plant pathogens, an antioxidant assay and acetyl- and butyrylcholinesterase inhibitory assays. The chromatographic, spectral and powerful mass spectrometric study of zones that exerted substantial antibacterial and/or antioxidant and/or acetylcholinesterase inhibitory effects allowed these multi-potent zones to be identified as polyacetylenes. Five polyacetylene compounds were assigned to be 2-non-1-ene-3,5,7-triynyl-3-vinyl-oxirane, 2-(2,4-hexadiynylidene)-3,4-epoxy-1,6-dioxaspiro[4.5]decane, trans- and cis-2-(2,4-hexadiynylidene)-1,6-dioxaspiro[4.5]dec-3-ene and tetradeca-2,4,6-triine-8-en-12-one. This study clearly showed the advantage of the combined use of different ionization sources, i.e. electrospray ionization via an elution-head based interface and also the Direct Analysis in Real Time interface, for HRMS analysis of compounds from the same class with very similar chromatographic behavior and polarity.
- HPTLC–ESI–high-resolution tandem mass spectrometry
- High-performance thin-layer chromatography–effect-directed analysis
- Tansy (Tanacetum vulgare L.) root extract
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry