Nuclei isolated from higher eukaryotic cell lines were directly analyzed by field inversion gel electrophoresis. Brief incubation of nuclei with ionic detergents yielded a single band between 50-100 kb. The apparent fragment size decreased to ≅50 kb after proteinase digestion. The latter treatment alone induced less regular, ≦50 kb fragmentation. DNA extracted from detergent and proteinase-treated nuclei also appeared in a band of about 40 kb. Embedding into agarose plugs did not protect nuclei, as opposed to cells, from detergent-induced fragmentation. The phenomenon is strikingly analogous to the double-strand DNA cleavage reactions mediated by topoisomerase II. Our data are compatible with any of the following interpretations: 1.) regularly spaced protein bridges, probably involving topoisomerase II, maintain or control continuity of chromosomal DNA in certain states of higher eukaryotic cells. 2.) The DNA might become accessible to a putative endonuclease at regularly spaced sites upon detergent treatment of isolated nuclei.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 15 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology