Elliptic shear applied to a homeotropically oriented nematic above the electric bend Fréedericks transition (FT) generates slow precession of the director. The character of the accompanying nonlinear waves changes from diffusive phase waves to dispersive ones exhibiting spirals and spatiotemporal chaos as the FT is approached from above. An exact solution of the flow alignment equations captures the observed precession and predicts its reversal for non-flow-aligning materials. The FT transforms into a Hopf bifurcation opening the way to understand the wave phenomena.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)