Directed and elliptic flow in 158 GeV/nucleon Pb + Pb collisions

H. Appelshäuser, J. Bächler, S. J. Bailey, L. S. Barnby, J. Bartke, R. A. Barton, H. Bialkowska, C. O. Blyth, R. Bock, C. Bormann, F. P. Brady, R. Brockmann, N. Buncic, P. Buncic, H. L. Caines, D. Cebra, G. E. Cooper, J. G. Cramer, P. Csató, J. DunnV. Eckardt, F. Eckhardt, M. I. Ferguson, H. G. Fischer, D. Flierl, Z. Fodor, P. Foka, P. Freund, V. Friese, M. Fuchs, F. Gabler, J. Gál, M. Gazdzicki, E. Gladysz, J. Grebieszkow, J. Günther, J. W. Harris, S. Hegyi, T. Henkel, L. A. Hill, I. Huang, H. Hümmler, G. Igo, D. Irmscher, P. Jacobs, P. G. Jones, K. Kadija, V. I. Kolesnikov, M. Kowalski, B. Lasiuk, P. Lévai, A. I. Malakhov, S. Margetis, C. Markert, G. L. Melkumov, A. Mock, J. Molnár, J. M. Nelson, G. Odyniec, G. Pálla, A. D. Panagiotou, A. Petridis, A. Piper, R. J. Porter, A. M. Poskanzer, S. Poziombka, D. J. Prindle, F. Pühlhofer, W. Rauch, J. G. Reid, R. Renfordt, W. Retyk, H. G. Ritter, D. Röhrich, C. Roland, G. Roland, H. Rudolph, A. Rybicki, A. Sandoval, H. Sann, A. Y. Semenov, E. Schäfer, D. Schmischke, N. Schmitz, S. Schönfelder, P. Seyboth, J. Seyerlein, F. Siklér, E. Skrzypczak, G. T A Squier, R. Stock, H. Ströbele, I. Szentpétery, J. Sziklai, M. Toy, T. A. Trainor, S. Trentalange, T. Ullrich, M. Vassiliou, G. Vesztergombi, S. Voloshin, D. Vranic, F. Wang, D. D. Weerasundara, S. Wenig, C. Whitten, T. Wienold, L. Wood, T. A. Yates, J. Zimanyi, R. Zybert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

185 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The directed and elliptic flow of protons and charged pions has been observed from the semicentral collisions of a 158 GeV/nucleon Pb beam with a Pb target. The rapidity and transverse momentum dependence of the flow has been measured. The directed flow of the pions is opposite to that of the protons but both exhibit negative flow at low pt. The elliptic flow of both is fairly independent of rapidity but rises with pt.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4136-4140
Number of pages5
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume80
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 1998

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collisions
pions
protons
transverse momentum
momentum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Appelshäuser, H., Bächler, J., Bailey, S. J., Barnby, L. S., Bartke, J., Barton, R. A., ... Zybert, R. (1998). Directed and elliptic flow in 158 GeV/nucleon Pb + Pb collisions. Physical Review Letters, 80(19), 4136-4140.

Directed and elliptic flow in 158 GeV/nucleon Pb + Pb collisions. / Appelshäuser, H.; Bächler, J.; Bailey, S. J.; Barnby, L. S.; Bartke, J.; Barton, R. A.; Bialkowska, H.; Blyth, C. O.; Bock, R.; Bormann, C.; Brady, F. P.; Brockmann, R.; Buncic, N.; Buncic, P.; Caines, H. L.; Cebra, D.; Cooper, G. E.; Cramer, J. G.; Csató, P.; Dunn, J.; Eckardt, V.; Eckhardt, F.; Ferguson, M. I.; Fischer, H. G.; Flierl, D.; Fodor, Z.; Foka, P.; Freund, P.; Friese, V.; Fuchs, M.; Gabler, F.; Gál, J.; Gazdzicki, M.; Gladysz, E.; Grebieszkow, J.; Günther, J.; Harris, J. W.; Hegyi, S.; Henkel, T.; Hill, L. A.; Huang, I.; Hümmler, H.; Igo, G.; Irmscher, D.; Jacobs, P.; Jones, P. G.; Kadija, K.; Kolesnikov, V. I.; Kowalski, M.; Lasiuk, B.; Lévai, P.; Malakhov, A. I.; Margetis, S.; Markert, C.; Melkumov, G. L.; Mock, A.; Molnár, J.; Nelson, J. M.; Odyniec, G.; Pálla, G.; Panagiotou, A. D.; Petridis, A.; Piper, A.; Porter, R. J.; Poskanzer, A. M.; Poziombka, S.; Prindle, D. J.; Pühlhofer, F.; Rauch, W.; Reid, J. G.; Renfordt, R.; Retyk, W.; Ritter, H. G.; Röhrich, D.; Roland, C.; Roland, G.; Rudolph, H.; Rybicki, A.; Sandoval, A.; Sann, H.; Semenov, A. Y.; Schäfer, E.; Schmischke, D.; Schmitz, N.; Schönfelder, S.; Seyboth, P.; Seyerlein, J.; Siklér, F.; Skrzypczak, E.; Squier, G. T A; Stock, R.; Ströbele, H.; Szentpétery, I.; Sziklai, J.; Toy, M.; Trainor, T. A.; Trentalange, S.; Ullrich, T.; Vassiliou, M.; Vesztergombi, G.; Voloshin, S.; Vranic, D.; Wang, F.; Weerasundara, D. D.; Wenig, S.; Whitten, C.; Wienold, T.; Wood, L.; Yates, T. A.; Zimanyi, J.; Zybert, R.

In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 80, No. 19, 1998, p. 4136-4140.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Appelshäuser, H, Bächler, J, Bailey, SJ, Barnby, LS, Bartke, J, Barton, RA, Bialkowska, H, Blyth, CO, Bock, R, Bormann, C, Brady, FP, Brockmann, R, Buncic, N, Buncic, P, Caines, HL, Cebra, D, Cooper, GE, Cramer, JG, Csató, P, Dunn, J, Eckardt, V, Eckhardt, F, Ferguson, MI, Fischer, HG, Flierl, D, Fodor, Z, Foka, P, Freund, P, Friese, V, Fuchs, M, Gabler, F, Gál, J, Gazdzicki, M, Gladysz, E, Grebieszkow, J, Günther, J, Harris, JW, Hegyi, S, Henkel, T, Hill, LA, Huang, I, Hümmler, H, Igo, G, Irmscher, D, Jacobs, P, Jones, PG, Kadija, K, Kolesnikov, VI, Kowalski, M, Lasiuk, B, Lévai, P, Malakhov, AI, Margetis, S, Markert, C, Melkumov, GL, Mock, A, Molnár, J, Nelson, JM, Odyniec, G, Pálla, G, Panagiotou, AD, Petridis, A, Piper, A, Porter, RJ, Poskanzer, AM, Poziombka, S, Prindle, DJ, Pühlhofer, F, Rauch, W, Reid, JG, Renfordt, R, Retyk, W, Ritter, HG, Röhrich, D, Roland, C, Roland, G, Rudolph, H, Rybicki, A, Sandoval, A, Sann, H, Semenov, AY, Schäfer, E, Schmischke, D, Schmitz, N, Schönfelder, S, Seyboth, P, Seyerlein, J, Siklér, F, Skrzypczak, E, Squier, GTA, Stock, R, Ströbele, H, Szentpétery, I, Sziklai, J, Toy, M, Trainor, TA, Trentalange, S, Ullrich, T, Vassiliou, M, Vesztergombi, G, Voloshin, S, Vranic, D, Wang, F, Weerasundara, DD, Wenig, S, Whitten, C, Wienold, T, Wood, L, Yates, TA, Zimanyi, J & Zybert, R 1998, 'Directed and elliptic flow in 158 GeV/nucleon Pb + Pb collisions', Physical Review Letters, vol. 80, no. 19, pp. 4136-4140.
Appelshäuser H, Bächler J, Bailey SJ, Barnby LS, Bartke J, Barton RA et al. Directed and elliptic flow in 158 GeV/nucleon Pb + Pb collisions. Physical Review Letters. 1998;80(19):4136-4140.
Appelshäuser, H. ; Bächler, J. ; Bailey, S. J. ; Barnby, L. S. ; Bartke, J. ; Barton, R. A. ; Bialkowska, H. ; Blyth, C. O. ; Bock, R. ; Bormann, C. ; Brady, F. P. ; Brockmann, R. ; Buncic, N. ; Buncic, P. ; Caines, H. L. ; Cebra, D. ; Cooper, G. E. ; Cramer, J. G. ; Csató, P. ; Dunn, J. ; Eckardt, V. ; Eckhardt, F. ; Ferguson, M. I. ; Fischer, H. G. ; Flierl, D. ; Fodor, Z. ; Foka, P. ; Freund, P. ; Friese, V. ; Fuchs, M. ; Gabler, F. ; Gál, J. ; Gazdzicki, M. ; Gladysz, E. ; Grebieszkow, J. ; Günther, J. ; Harris, J. W. ; Hegyi, S. ; Henkel, T. ; Hill, L. A. ; Huang, I. ; Hümmler, H. ; Igo, G. ; Irmscher, D. ; Jacobs, P. ; Jones, P. G. ; Kadija, K. ; Kolesnikov, V. I. ; Kowalski, M. ; Lasiuk, B. ; Lévai, P. ; Malakhov, A. I. ; Margetis, S. ; Markert, C. ; Melkumov, G. L. ; Mock, A. ; Molnár, J. ; Nelson, J. M. ; Odyniec, G. ; Pálla, G. ; Panagiotou, A. D. ; Petridis, A. ; Piper, A. ; Porter, R. J. ; Poskanzer, A. M. ; Poziombka, S. ; Prindle, D. J. ; Pühlhofer, F. ; Rauch, W. ; Reid, J. G. ; Renfordt, R. ; Retyk, W. ; Ritter, H. G. ; Röhrich, D. ; Roland, C. ; Roland, G. ; Rudolph, H. ; Rybicki, A. ; Sandoval, A. ; Sann, H. ; Semenov, A. Y. ; Schäfer, E. ; Schmischke, D. ; Schmitz, N. ; Schönfelder, S. ; Seyboth, P. ; Seyerlein, J. ; Siklér, F. ; Skrzypczak, E. ; Squier, G. T A ; Stock, R. ; Ströbele, H. ; Szentpétery, I. ; Sziklai, J. ; Toy, M. ; Trainor, T. A. ; Trentalange, S. ; Ullrich, T. ; Vassiliou, M. ; Vesztergombi, G. ; Voloshin, S. ; Vranic, D. ; Wang, F. ; Weerasundara, D. D. ; Wenig, S. ; Whitten, C. ; Wienold, T. ; Wood, L. ; Yates, T. A. ; Zimanyi, J. ; Zybert, R. / Directed and elliptic flow in 158 GeV/nucleon Pb + Pb collisions. In: Physical Review Letters. 1998 ; Vol. 80, No. 19. pp. 4136-4140.
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abstract = "The directed and elliptic flow of protons and charged pions has been observed from the semicentral collisions of a 158 GeV/nucleon Pb beam with a Pb target. The rapidity and transverse momentum dependence of the flow has been measured. The directed flow of the pions is opposite to that of the protons but both exhibit negative flow at low pt. The elliptic flow of both is fairly independent of rapidity but rises with pt.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Directed and elliptic flow in 158 GeV/nucleon Pb + Pb collisions

AU - Appelshäuser, H.

AU - Bächler, J.

AU - Bailey, S. J.

AU - Barnby, L. S.

AU - Bartke, J.

AU - Barton, R. A.

AU - Bialkowska, H.

AU - Blyth, C. O.

AU - Bock, R.

AU - Bormann, C.

AU - Brady, F. P.

AU - Brockmann, R.

AU - Buncic, N.

AU - Buncic, P.

AU - Caines, H. L.

AU - Cebra, D.

AU - Cooper, G. E.

AU - Cramer, J. G.

AU - Csató, P.

AU - Dunn, J.

AU - Eckardt, V.

AU - Eckhardt, F.

AU - Ferguson, M. I.

AU - Fischer, H. G.

AU - Flierl, D.

AU - Fodor, Z.

AU - Foka, P.

AU - Freund, P.

AU - Friese, V.

AU - Fuchs, M.

AU - Gabler, F.

AU - Gál, J.

AU - Gazdzicki, M.

AU - Gladysz, E.

AU - Grebieszkow, J.

AU - Günther, J.

AU - Harris, J. W.

AU - Hegyi, S.

AU - Henkel, T.

AU - Hill, L. A.

AU - Huang, I.

AU - Hümmler, H.

AU - Igo, G.

AU - Irmscher, D.

AU - Jacobs, P.

AU - Jones, P. G.

AU - Kadija, K.

AU - Kolesnikov, V. I.

AU - Kowalski, M.

AU - Lasiuk, B.

AU - Lévai, P.

AU - Malakhov, A. I.

AU - Margetis, S.

AU - Markert, C.

AU - Melkumov, G. L.

AU - Mock, A.

AU - Molnár, J.

AU - Nelson, J. M.

AU - Odyniec, G.

AU - Pálla, G.

AU - Panagiotou, A. D.

AU - Petridis, A.

AU - Piper, A.

AU - Porter, R. J.

AU - Poskanzer, A. M.

AU - Poziombka, S.

AU - Prindle, D. J.

AU - Pühlhofer, F.

AU - Rauch, W.

AU - Reid, J. G.

AU - Renfordt, R.

AU - Retyk, W.

AU - Ritter, H. G.

AU - Röhrich, D.

AU - Roland, C.

AU - Roland, G.

AU - Rudolph, H.

AU - Rybicki, A.

AU - Sandoval, A.

AU - Sann, H.

AU - Semenov, A. Y.

AU - Schäfer, E.

AU - Schmischke, D.

AU - Schmitz, N.

AU - Schönfelder, S.

AU - Seyboth, P.

AU - Seyerlein, J.

AU - Siklér, F.

AU - Skrzypczak, E.

AU - Squier, G. T A

AU - Stock, R.

AU - Ströbele, H.

AU - Szentpétery, I.

AU - Sziklai, J.

AU - Toy, M.

AU - Trainor, T. A.

AU - Trentalange, S.

AU - Ullrich, T.

AU - Vassiliou, M.

AU - Vesztergombi, G.

AU - Voloshin, S.

AU - Vranic, D.

AU - Wang, F.

AU - Weerasundara, D. D.

AU - Wenig, S.

AU - Whitten, C.

AU - Wienold, T.

AU - Wood, L.

AU - Yates, T. A.

AU - Zimanyi, J.

AU - Zybert, R.

PY - 1998

Y1 - 1998

N2 - The directed and elliptic flow of protons and charged pions has been observed from the semicentral collisions of a 158 GeV/nucleon Pb beam with a Pb target. The rapidity and transverse momentum dependence of the flow has been measured. The directed flow of the pions is opposite to that of the protons but both exhibit negative flow at low pt. The elliptic flow of both is fairly independent of rapidity but rises with pt.

AB - The directed and elliptic flow of protons and charged pions has been observed from the semicentral collisions of a 158 GeV/nucleon Pb beam with a Pb target. The rapidity and transverse momentum dependence of the flow has been measured. The directed flow of the pions is opposite to that of the protons but both exhibit negative flow at low pt. The elliptic flow of both is fairly independent of rapidity but rises with pt.

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M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:4243787219

VL - 80

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EP - 4140

JO - Physical Review Letters

JF - Physical Review Letters

SN - 0031-9007

IS - 19

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