Direct self-injurious behavior (D-SIB) and life events among vocational school and high school students

Lili O. Horváth, Maria Balint, Gyongyver Ferenczi-Dallos, Luca Farkas, Julia Gadoros, Dora Gyori, Agnes Kereszteny, Gergely Meszaros, Dora Szentivanyi, Szabina Velo, Marco Sarchiapone, Vladimir Carli, Camilla Wasserman, Christina W. Hoven, Danuta Wasserman, Judit Balazs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although several studies have recently assessed direct self-injurious behavior (D-SIB) among adolescents, it is still understudied in adolescents attending vocational schools: an educational setting generally associated with lower socioeconomic status. After extending the “Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe” (SEYLE) project to a vocational school population, we examined their D-SIB and life event characteristics compared to the high school population. SEYLE’s Hungarian randomly selected high school sample (N = 995) was completed with a randomly selected vocational school sample (N = 140) in Budapest, Hungary. Participants aged 14–17 years completed the SEYLE project’s self-administered questionnaires. D-SIB lifetime prevalence was significantly higher (29.4%) in the vocational school group compared to the high school group (17.2%) (X2(1) = 12.231, p< 0.001). D-SIB was associated with suicidal ideation in the vocational school group. Different life events were more frequent in the high school than in the vocational school group, and associations between D-SIB and life events differed in the vocational school group compared to the high school group. In conclusion, vocational school students are a vulnerable population with a higher prevalence of D-SIB compared to high school students. Life events and their association with D-SIB also differ in vocational school students compared to high school students. Taking all these into account might contribute to prevention/intervention designed for this population.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1068
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume15
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Anxiety disorders
  • D-SIB
  • Depression
  • Direct self-injurious behavior
  • Life events
  • SEYLE
  • Self-harm
  • Self-injury
  • Suicidal behavior
  • Suicide prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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  • Cite this

    Horváth, L. O., Balint, M., Ferenczi-Dallos, G., Farkas, L., Gadoros, J., Gyori, D., Kereszteny, A., Meszaros, G., Szentivanyi, D., Velo, S., Sarchiapone, M., Carli, V., Wasserman, C., Hoven, C. W., Wasserman, D., & Balazs, J. (2018). Direct self-injurious behavior (D-SIB) and life events among vocational school and high school students. International journal of environmental research and public health, 15(6), [1068]. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061068